Cover Image
close this bookBetter Health in Africa: Experience and Lessons Learned (World Bank, 1994, 236 pages)
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentAcronyms
close this folderChapter 1 Introduction and overview
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentObstacles to better health
View the documentUnderpinnings of a cost-effective approach to health
View the documentThe cost of the package
View the documentResource mobilization
View the documentThe role of government
View the documentA call to action
close this folderChapter 2 - Health and development
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentHealth status
View the documentCauses of death and illness
View the documentPersistent and new health threats
View the documentCombating demographic pressures
View the documentImpact on economic development
close this folderChapter 3 - Creating an enabling environment for health
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentSafe water and sanitation
View the documentFood and nutrition
View the documentFemale education
View the documentSpecial roles and status of women
View the documentCulture
View the documentHouseholds at the center
View the documentSetting the stage for health reform
close this folderChapter 4 - Revitalizing national systems of health care
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentAfrican health care systems today
View the documentA brief history of primary health care strategies in Africa
View the documentHealth care system realities
View the documentUnderpinnings of a cost-effective approach
close this folderChapter 5 - The importance of pharmaceuticals and essential drug programs
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentThe performance of African pharmaceutical markets
View the documentConstraints and opportunities
View the documentA supply-side perspective
View the documentOvercoming obstacles
View the documentThe role of national governments
close this folderChapter 6 - Managing human resources for health
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentThe contrasting problems of undersupply and underuse
View the documentCauses and consequences
View the documentAchieving effective management of health care personnel
View the documentOpportunities at the primary can level
View the documentThe role of government
close this folderChapter 7 - Infrastructure and equipment
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentInfrastructure and equipment problems
View the documentThe special problem of tertiary care facilities
View the documentAssessing technology choice
close this folderChapter 8 - Management capacity and institutional reform
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentAssessment of the existing system
View the documentEquipping managers with needed skills and methodologies
View the documentPromoting decentralization
View the documentEnhancing community participation
close this folderChapter 9 - Costing and paying for the basic package of health services
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentLow-income Africa
View the documentCosts in a country with higher income
View the documentWho should pay for what?
View the documentAffordability
View the documentClosing the financing gap
close this folderChapter 10 - Mobilizing resources to pay for better health
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentGovernment expenditures for health
View the documentPrivate expenditures
View the documentInternational aid
close this folderChapter 11 - Construction and maintenance problems of drainage works
View the documentDrainage and the cultivator
View the documentFormal and informal tertiary drainage systems
View the documentSubsurface field drainage
View the documentPrimary and secondary drainage
close this folderChapter 12 - Cultivator organizations
View the documentCultivator organizations in irrigation system operation
View the documentTraditional organization in village-level irrigation schemes
View the documentProjection from the village-level organization to cultivator organizations in public systems
View the documentExperience and problems with water user groups in public irrigation systems
close this folderChapter 13 - Village schemes and small tank projects
View the documentBackground
View the documentFarmer-constructed diversion systems
View the documentVillage schemes with storage
close this folderChapter 14 - Groundwater development
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentSmall, individually-owned, suction-mode wells
View the documentIndividually owned and group owned force-mode wells
View the documentLarge capacity public tubewells
View the documentTechnical problems in design and construction of medium and large tubewells
View the documentWater distribution from medium tubewells
View the documentFunctions of the tubewell operator
View the documentPower supply problems
View the documentComparison of medium and large wells
close this folderChapter 15 - Conjunctive use of surface and groundwater
View the documentDefinitions
View the documentDirect conjunctive use
View the documentIndirect conjunctive use
close this folderChapter 16 - Pumped lift irrigation distribution
View the documentBackground
View the documentThe application of individually owned small pumping units
View the documentCentralized pumped-lift systems
close this folderChapter 17 - Technical and operational improvements in rehabilitation of irrigation projects
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe dam and reservoir
View the documentThe canal system
View the documentDrainage
View the documentIntroduction of high technology irrigation methods
close this folderChapter 18 - Ecological and riparian factors in irrigation development
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentEcological issues in groundwater development
View the documentSurface water development
View the documentRiparian issues
View the documentReferences
View the documentDistributors of World Bank Publications