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close this bookThe Costs and Financing of Teacher Education in Malawi (CIE, 2000, 57 p.)
close this folder5. Internal Efficiency of the Colleges
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View the document5.2 Costs Per Student Derived from Budget Estimates in Four Colleges

5.2 Costs Per Student Derived from Budget Estimates in Four Colleges

Unit costs for Colleges of Education can be estimated from the budget estimates and the training capacity that is used. A first estimate of this for 1998/9 is provided below.

Table 13: Costs per Student in Four Colleges - Budget Estimates 1998/9


Karonga

Kasungu

Lilongwe

Blantyre

Enrolment 98

1001

1602

1575

1502

Salary Related





Salaries

1195

1073

1220

1213

Non Established Staff

131

156

111

111

Professional Allowances

0

0

86

0

Housing allowance

185

50

127

16

Non Salary





Boarding

2566

1160

1313

1988

Consumable stores

224

127

156

144

Maintenance of Buildings

226

298

142

94

Maintenance of Motor Vehicles

236

84

175

186

Learning material and stationery

154

37

103

97

Internal Training

291

91

67

46

Leave and allowances

45

38

37

64

Travel and subsistence

399

135

160

302

Telephone and postage

124

99

48

77

Heating and Lighting

128

97

111

60

Water

154

17

130

88

Total

7059

5064

5561

5988

4 These estimates do not necessarily reflect actual expenditure - see text.
5 The budgets of the two private Colleges are not included in the national budget accounts.

These costs per student are based on the enrolments of three cohorts of MIITEP in 1998/99 and on budgeted not actual expenditure. Since the salaries include those of teachers in the demonstration schools the estimates are higher than they would otherwise be but are nevertheless a guide. Differences in staff-student ratio will be part of the reason why salary costs vary. Costs will also vary depending on the area where Colleges are located and the range of facilities that they have to support. It is evident there are some wide differences between the Colleges in allocations to some budget heads which are not readily explicable. A detailed auditing would be needed to establish if these differences are defensible.