|Disasters Preparedness and Mitigation - Issue No. 13 - October, 1982 (PAHO)|
The books referred to below have been abstracted from review copies received from the publisher by the Editor of this Newsletter. Except where noted otherwise, none of the books are available from PAHO. The publisher and the list price (when available) are included at the end of the abstracts for readers who are interested in purchasing the books.
Disaster Prevention and Mitigation, A Compendium of Current Knowledge, Sanitation Aspects, UNDRO, New York. 76 pp. Extensive Ref. 1982 (English, French and Spanish)
The Office of the United Nations Disaster Relief Coordinator (UNDRO) has issued Volume 8 of the series Disaster Prevention and Mitigation. The issue is dedicated to a treatment of the most relevant aspects of environmental sanitation in the event of disaster: water supply, waste disposal and vector control. Without going into technical detail, the publication contains general information that will be useful for administrators and technical officers involved in preparedness and relief activities. The first part treats water supply and waste disposal. It presents the most common disasters and the risks they pose, guidelines for the construction of disaster resistant sanitary systems, water supply and waste disposal in impact zones, basic sanitation in emergency settlement camps and general operational and planning guidelines. The second part treats vector control: health risks posed, the use of insecticides and equipment and methods for the control of insect and rodent disease vectors.
- Free. This publication may be requested from the Editor of this Newsletter.
Architects and Earthquakes, National Science Foundation, 94 pp. Extensive refs. 1978 (English)
Reviews geological aspects and effects of earthquakes, and their impact on structures. Discusses building design and social and economic implications of public housing policy. Intended to stimulate architects to consider seismic safety designs in earthquake risk areas. Does not address public health issues directly, although design considerations apply to hospital and other health centers.
- US$5.95 Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, U.S.A.
Planning Guide and Checklist for Hazardous Materials Contingency Plans, Federal Emergency Management Agency, 140 pp. 1981 (English)
Intended for State and local officials in the U.S. to assist in the development of response plans for hazardous chemical spills. A step-by-step guide to determining whether a plan is needed, what type is required and how to evaluate it. U.S.-oriented, it nonetheless is a useful reference for other countries. Does not discuss health management issues.
- Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, D.C. 20472, U.S.A.
A Selected Bibliography on Disaster Planning and Simulation, D.R. Morton, 55 pp. 1981 (English)
Annotated bibliography covering earthquakes, floods and coastal storm hazards, planning for general hazards and disasters, and disaster simulation. Succint abstracts and all ordering information provided. Compilation includes mainly those previously published by the Center, and is therefore not exhaustive.
- Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center, IBS No. 6, Campus Box 482, Boulder, Colorado 80309, U.S.A.
Social Science and Natural Hazard, J.D. Wright and P.H. Rossi, eds., 202 pp. Extensive refs. 1981 (English)
Presentations and discussions of two studies undertaken by the Social and Demographic Research Institute, one on the long-term effects of natural disasters on American communities and one on political aspects of natural hazards issues. Includes a review of literature on individual and social response to disasters. Discussions and commentary may be of interest to social science researchers in other countries who are attempting to develop methods to investigate social behavior during disasters.
- US$24.00 Abt Books, 55 Wheeler Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, U. S. A.
The Pan American Center for Human Ecology and Health (ECO), headquartered in Toluca, Mexico, has begun issuing a quarterly newsletter Human Ecology and Health. According to the editorial of the first issue, the newsletter will be issued in English and Spanish and aims to disseminate among countries in the Americas, information on the advances of projects which produce environmental changes that directly or indirectly affect public health. Special emphasis will be given to topics related to the effects on health resulting from industrial activity, both on the population of workers and on the general population. Among the activities that ECO, a center of the Pan American Health Organization, carries out in this area, is research and documentation on massive industrial and chemical accidents, or man-made disasters.
The newsletter may be obtained by writing: ECO, Apartado Postal 37-473, 06696, Mexico, D. F.