|Disasters Preparedness and Mitigation - Issue No. 20 - July, 1984 (PAHO)|
FEMA Completes its Emergency Information and Coordination Center
FEMA's newly constructed and equipped Emergency Information and Coordination Center (EICC) is now operating at full capacity at its headquarters in Washington, D.C., according to a recent release from the Agency. The Center is tied directly to an alternate EICC and 10 FEMA Regional EICCs, and is connected through a national network to other federal, state, and civilian agencies and departments having emergency management responsibilities.
The EICC observes and coordinates activities in ongoing disaster and emergency situations. In 1983, there were 21 Presidentially declared disasters and emergencies and thousands of other crisis situations, in which coordination requirements were necessary, that were continually monitored by the Center. The EICC has also been involved in coordinating the U.S. government's response to emergency management calls from other countries. For example, in 1983 when the Italian government was faced with uncontrollable forest fires and requested foreign assistance, the EICC coordinated the U.S. response. For details, write: Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), P.O. Box 8181, Washington, D.C. 20024, U.S.A.
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
The Center for Development Studies of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, in collaboration with the Disaster Management Center of the University of Wisconsin, convened an American Panel on Risk Reduction in Hazard Prone Areas. The panel, held 25-27 June, was intended to provide linkage between individuals in government, universities and relief/development agencies concerned with the mitigation of natural hazards in developing countries. Through the VPI and Wisconsin Centers, it will develop a permanent dissemination mechanism for training and research material on disaster mitigation. For additional information, write: Mr. Frederick Krimgold, Associate Dean for Research and Extension, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 101 North Columbus St., Alexandria, Virginia 22314, U.S.A.
Disaster Management Center
The Disaster Management Center of the University of Wisconsin- Extension sponsored a 2 day meeting, 28-29 June, in Washington, D.C. to review effective strategies for high winds and earthquake resistant construction. For further information write: Disaster Management Center of the University of Wisconsin- Extension, 432 North Lake St., Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A.
Refugees Management Information System
The Office of Refugee Programs of the US Department of State now has a computer-based Refugee Management Information System (RMIS). The new system is intended to enable the Office to predict relief needs in nutrition, curative care and public health among refugee populations. Developed over several years by Dr. Pierre Perrin, it provides calculations of needs broken down according to vulnerable and special groups. It is based on the entry of the size of the population in the refugee camp. It is hoped that the system will enable the international donor community to make the most useful donations to the right places. For further information, write: J.W. Morentz, Research Alternatives, Inc., 705 New Mark Esplanade, Rockville, Maryland 20850, U.S.A.
Disaster Research Center to move
The Disaster Research Center, specializing in human behavior and disasters and headed by Professor E. L. Quarantelli, will move at the end of 1984. Presently centered at Ohio State University, the Center and Professor Quarantelli will move to the University of Delaware. There, the present collection of over 10,000 documents will be increased by 10 to 20% and eventually be entered in a computer system. A major international conference of disaster researchers is tentatively scheduled to be held in Delaware in 1985. For further information, write: Russel Dynes, University of Delaware Disaster Research Center, Newark, Delaware 19711, U.S.A.
NOTE: Immunization guidelines
"Children with malnutrition, low 'grade or moderate fever, respiratory infection, diarrhoea or other minor illnesses should be immunized. Immunization of children so ill as to require hospitalization should be deferred for decision by the hospital authorities."
Health workers in general, and especially those delivering
services in temporary settlements may wish to obtain WHO working paper
EPI/GAG/82/WP.8/Rev.3. In it, updated guidelines are established regarding
indications and contraindications for the immunization of children. The document
may be obtained by writing the Editor, EPI Newsletter, MCH Program, PAHO,
525 23rd Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037, U.S.A.