|Disasters Preparedness and Mitigation - Issue No. 51 - July, 1992 (PAHO)|
The books referred to in this section have been abstracted from review copies sent to the Editor of this Newsletter. Except where noted otherwise, none of the books are available from PAHO. The publisher and the list price (when available) are included at the end of the abstracts for readers who are interested in purchasing the books.
Prevención. National Disaster Prevention Center (CENAPRED), 1992 (Spanish)
Mexico's National Disaster Prevention Center has launched this new magazine. One of the Center's responsibilities is to broadly disseminate a variety of important information on disasters, and this publication is designed to promote a climate of prevention and preparedness. The magazine includes news from CENAPRED on research, training and dissemination of information; information on disasters worldwide; a section on the new publications produced by the Center; and letters from subscribers.
- For information on ordering copies write Centro Nacional de Prevención de Desastres, Av. Delfín Madrigal No. 665, Mexico, D.F., C.P. 04360, Mexico.
Psychosocial Consequences of Disasters: Prevention and Management. World Health Organization, Geneva, 1992, 42 pp. (English)
This technical report published by WHO's Division of Mental Health, opens by saying, "the psychosocial needs [of disaster survivors] were seen as something too secondary to attract the attention of relief agencies and relief workers. Over the last few years however, a different trend has become evident and there is now wide recognition of the fact that populations affected by a disaster have special psychosocial needs." This report describes the specific psychosocial reactions to disaster, and the relationship between the type of disaster and the type and severity of the reaction. It also offers a description of activities mental health professionals can undertake prior to disasters, and the role of the mental health team at the disaster site-from identifying groups that require support to establishing an information/support center to helping bereaved families. A final section offers three models for a psychosocial response to disasters, which may vary from country to country, but can be adapted to local realities depending on the strengths available in the stricken area. This document provides an excellent framework for developing a basic curriculum on mental health in disaster situations and WHO encourages reproducing or translating it for noncommercial purposes.
- Copies available from World Health Organization, Division of Mental Health, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland.
New Manual on Hospital Disaster Mitigation
The damages sustained by Caribbean health care facilities in the wake of Hurricanes Gilbert I (1988) and Hugo (1989) have already cost governments millions of dollars (US$), at a time l when most countries are experiencing adverse economic pressures. At the same time, many' of these countries are also receiving, funding to restore retrofit and expand hospitals. Fortunately, Caribbean countries have been giving consideration to designing and constructing health care facilities to withstand the impact of natural hazards. CUBIC. the Caribbean Uniform Building Code, although not mandatory, is a step in the right direction. PAHO has taken another step, publishing a new manual called: Disaster Mitigation Guidelines for Hospitals and other Health Care Facilities in the Caribbean. This publication identifies and explains, in layman's terms, what to consider in building design and construction to resist both hurricanes and earthquakes. It also points out critical and cost-effective factors to reduce vulnerability.
Written primarily to help health and hospital administrators and
construction and maintenance personnel to understand design and construction
requirements in order to mitigate potential hazards, it also helps them to
communicate with engineers and architects who are involved in construction,
restoration and retrofitting these same buildings. Readers in the Caribbean may
request a copy of the manual from Dr. Jean Luc Poncelet, Emergency Preparedness
Adviser, PAHO, P.O. Box 508, Bridgetown, Barbados. Readers in other regions may
write to the Editor of this Newsletter.