|03. What Is the Evidence for the Role of Antenatal Care Strategies in the Reduction of Maternal Mortality and Morbidity?|
Bergström S (1994). Maternal health: a priority in reproductive health. In: Lankinen KS, Bergström S, Mäkelä PH & Peltomaa M, eds. Health and Disease in Developing Countries. The Macmillan Press Limited, London, 305-15.
Blondel B, Push D & Schmidt E (1986). Some characteristics of antenatal care in 13 European countries. In Phaff JML, ed. (1986). Perinatal Health Services in Europe. Searching for Better Childbirth. Croom Helm, London, p. 4.
Cates W, Farley TMM, Rowe PJ. (1988). Patterns of infertility in the developed and developing worlds. In: Rowe PJ & Vikhlyaeva EM, eds. Diagnosis and treatment of infertility. Hans Huber Publishers, Toronto, Lewiston N.Y., Bern, Stuttgart.
Chalmers I (1989). Evaluating the effects of care during pregnancy and childbirth. In Chalmers I, Enkin M, Keirse MJNC, eds. Effective Care in Pregnancy and Childbirth. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 3-38.
Department of Health and Human Services (1989). Caring for Our Future: The Content of Prenatal Care. A Report of the Public Health Service Expert Panel on the Content of Prenatal Care. Public Health Service, Department of health and Human Services, Washington, DC.
Eseko N (1998). Analysis of maternal and perinatal care systems in Tanzania and assessment of the actual situation in Arusha region. Thesis for Master of Philosophy in Health Sciences. Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen.
Heringa M & Huisjes HJ (1988). Prenatal screening. Current policy in EC countries. In: Huisjes HJ, Buekens P & Reid M. Antenatal screening. Current policies in the EC and evaluation. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 7-52.
Khan-Neelofur D, Gülmezoglu M & Villar J (1998). Who should provide routine antenatal care for low-risk women, and how often? A systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 12, Suppl. 2,7-26.
Langer A, Romero M, Nigenda G, Kuchaisit C, Rojas G, Al-Osimi M et al. (2000). Are women and providers satisfied with antenatal care? Views on a standard and a simplified, evidence-based model of care in four developing countries. Submitted.
Maltau JM (2000). Trekk fra fødselshjelpens historie I Norge. In: Bergsjø P, Maltau JM, Molne K & Nesheim B-I, eds. Obstetrikk. 3rd edition, 2nd printing. Gyldendal Akademisk, Oslo, 11-16. (In Norwegian).
McDuffie RS, Beck A, Bischoff K, Cross J & Orleans M (1996). Effect of frequency of prenatal care visits on perinatal outcome among low-risk women. Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) 275, 847-51.
Olsen BE, Hinderaker SG, Lie RT, Gasheka P, Baerheim A, Bergsjø P, Kvåle G (2000). The diagnosis of urinary tract infections among pregnant women in rural Tanzania; prevalences and correspondence between different diagnostic methods. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica 79,729-36.
Piaggio G, Baaqeel H, Bergsjø P, Carroli G, Farnot U, Lumbiganon P, Pinol A & Villar J (1998). The practice of antenatal care: comparing four study sites in different parts of the world participating in the WHO Antenatal Care Randomised Controlled Trial. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 12, Suppl. 2, 116-141.
Rooney C (1992). Antenatal care and maternal health. How effective is it? A review of the evidence. Maternal Health and Safe Motherhood Programme, Division of Family Health, World Health Organization, Geneva.
Tucker JS, Hall MH, Howie PW, Reid ME, Barbour RS & Florey C du V et al. (1996). Should obstetricians see women with normal pregnancies? A multicentre randomised controlled trial of routine antenatal care by general practitioners and midwives compared with shared care led by obstetricians. British Medical Journal 312, 554-59.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (1999). Maternal and Child Health Statistics: Russian Federation and United States, Selected Years 1985-95. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 5: International Vital and Health Statistical Reports No 10. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, Maryland.
Villar J, Bergsjø P (1997). Scientific basis for the content of routine antenatal care. 1. Philosophy, recent studies, and power to eliminate or alleviate adverse outcomes. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica 76,1-14.
World Health Organization (1991). Maternal and Perinatal Infections. Report of a WHO Consultation. Programme of Maternal and Child Health and Family Planning, Division of Family Health, World Health Organization, Geneva.
World Health Organization (1993b). Coverage of Maternity Care. A Tabulation of Available Information, 3rd edn. Maternal Health and Safe Motherhood Programme, Division of Family Health, World Health Organization, Geneva.
World Health Organization (1994). Mother-Baby Package: Implementing safe motherhood in countries. Practical Guide. Maternal Health and Safe Motherhood Programme, Division of Family Health, World Health Organization, Geneva.
World Health Organization (1995). Verbal Autopsies for Maternal Deaths. Report of a WHO workshop, London, 10-13 January 1994. Maternal Health and Safe Motherhood Programme, World Health Organization, Geneva.
World Health Organization (1997). Unsafe abortion. Global and Regional Estimates of Incidence of and Mortality due to Unsafe Abortion with a Listing of Available Country Data.. Third Edition. Maternal and Newborn Health, Safe Motherhood. Division of Reproductive Health (Technical Support). World Health Organization, Geneva.
World Health Organization (2000). WHO Reproductive Health Library No. 3. UNDP/UNFPA/WHO/World Bank, Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, Department of Reproductive Health and Research. World Health Organization, Geneva. (Electronic publication)