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close this book19. What Are Maternal Health Policies in Developing Countries and Who Drives Them? A Review of the Last Half-century
close this folderInternational Maternal Health Actors and Policies
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This next section reviews the main international actors in maternal health and the main positions they adopted vis-à-vis maternal health over time. This is followed by a review of the main international maternal health policies and the roles played by the various actors in getting them on the policy agenda. Besides the economic status of the country and configuration of the health system described in section II above, Lush and Campbell (2000) identify four ideologies have influenced maternal health policies: family planning, primary health care (PHC), neo-liberal economics and women’s status. These are described in some detail in Annex 1, but their impacts on policy development in maternal health at various points in time are touched on briefly below.