Les tiques dans un monde en évolution - Ticks in a changing world - Las garrapatas en un mundo en evolución - 74/75 - 1993/1-2. (FAO, 1993, 32 p.)
close this bookLes tiques dans un monde en évolution - Ticks in a changing world - Las garrapatas en un mundo en evolución - 74/75 - 1993/1-2. (FAO, 1993, 32 p.)
close this folderThe local Malawi goat
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentOrigin and ecological distribution of the breed
View the documentPhysical characteristics
View the documentReproduction and breeding efficiency
View the documentFeeding and feeding systems
View the documentProduction characteristics
View the documentDiseases and parasites
View the documentFinal remarks
View the documentBibliography

It is said that the Malawi goat is hardy and therefore suffers fewer health problems than other stock. There is little data to support this view, yet it may be true that they have fewer problems. This shows the need for appropriate attention and investigation by health personnel.

Diseases such as mange, and sometimes orf, do appear. Brucellosis has not been documented in goats in Malawi so far. Parasites, including liver flukes and roundworms (helminths), are the main source of infestation in goats during the rainy season. According to Reynolds (1979), postnatal deaths in kids occur in June through August as a result of the cold weather, which causes pneumonia. Adult goats are at high risk during the rainy season from November through December because the level of internal parasites increases sharply. Data in Table 3 indicate that the pre-weaning mortality rate was 37.5 percent for Boer x local kids and 16.7 percent for local kids under the village management system. The 16.7 percent mortality rate obtained for local kids is similar to that of 15 percent reported for local kids at two villages in Nigeria by Matthewman (1977). These ranges also agree with those reported by Karua (1989a).