|AIDS and the Military (Best Practice - Points of View) (UNAIDS, 1998, 8 p.)|
Young, unattached men are a highly susceptible group both inside and outside the military. Typically, the young recruit on a weekend pass has both the time and motivation, particularly under the influence of peer pressure, to indulge in high-risk behaviour. However, there are other groups within the military whose vulnerability should be addressed.
The increasing participation of women in the military in various parts of the world underlines the special vulnerability of women to STD and HIV transmission. Women are more likely to acquire any kind of STD from a single sexual exposure than men, and to have more asymp-tomatic STDs that are difficult to diagnose. (For more information, see UNAIDS Point of View Reducing womens vulnerability to HIV infection.) Female military personnel are often at a disadvantage in sexual negotiations, including those for condom use. They are also subject to sex under duress and sometimes to outright rape.
The fact that in the military there are men who have sex with men is a sensitive issue in many countries. Some sexual contacts occur between men who identify themselves as homosexual or bisexual. In some cases there is coerced sex (rape) among men. Finally, men who identify themselves as heterosexual may experiment with male-to-male sexual activity (for example, during periods of isolation from female companionship). Little research has been done on this, but recent studies suggest that such activity may be more widespread than generally assumed. (See UNAIDS Technical Update and Point of View on AIDS and men who have sex with men.)
UNAIDS Best Practice Collection
The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) is preparing materials on subjects of relevance to HIV infection and AIDS, the causes and consequences of the epidemic, and best practices in AIDS prevention, care and support. A Best Practice Collection on any one subject typically includes a short publication for journalists and community leaders (Point of View); a technical summary of the issues, challenges and solutions (Technical Update); case studies from around the world (Best Practice Case Studies); a set of presentation graphics; and a listing of key materials (reports, articles, books, audiovisuals, etc.) on the subject. These documents are updated as necessary.
Technical Updates and Points of View are being published in English, French, Russian and Spanish. Single copies of Best Practice publications are available free from UNAIDS Information Centres. To find the closest one, visit UNAIDS on the Internet (http:// www.unaids.org), contact UNAIDS by email (email@example.com) or telephone (+41 22 791 4651), or write to the UNAIDS Information Centre, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland.
Journalists seeking more information about a UNAIDS Point of View are invited to contact the UNAIDS Geneva Press Information Office (tel: +41 22 791 4577 or 791 3387; fax: +41 22 791 4898; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
The female condom and AIDS: UNAIDS Point of View (UNAIDS Best Practice Collection: Point of View).
Geneva: UNAIDS, April 1998.
1. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome - transmission
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