|WHO Guidelines on HIV Infection and AIDS in Prisons (UNAIDS, 1999, 9 p.)|
34. At each stage of HIV-related illness, prisoners should receive appropriate medical and psychosocial treatment equivalent to that given to other members of the community. Involvement of all prisoners in peer support programmes should be encouraged. Collaboration with health care providers in the community should he promoted to facilitate the provision of medical care.
35. Medical follow-up and counselling for asymptomatic HIV-infected prisoners should be available and accessible during detention.
36. Prisoners should have access to information on treatment options and the same right to refuse treatment as exists in the community.
37. Treatment for HIV infection, and the prophylaxis and treatment of related illnesses, should be provided by prison medical services, applying the same clinical and accessibility criteria as in the community.
38. Prisoners should have the same access as people living in the community to clinical trials of treatments for all HIV/AIDS-related diseases. Prisoners should not be placed under pressure to participate in clinical trials, taking into account the principle that individuals deprived of their liberty may not be the subjects of medical research unless they freely consent to it and it is expected to produce a direct and significant benefit to their health.
39. The decision to hospitalize a prisoner with AIDS or other HIV-related diseases must be made on medical grounds by health personnel. Access to adequately equipped specialist services, on the same level available to the community, must be assured.
40. Prison medical services should collaborate with community health services to ensure medical and, psychological follow-up of HIV-infected prisoners after their release if they so consent. Prisoners should be encouraged to use these services.