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close this bookCost-Effectiveness Tool for Evaluating Interventions to Prevent Mother-to-Child Transmission - Manual and Model (UNAIDS, 2000, 94 p.)
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View the documentSETTING
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View the documentCOST OF HIV/AIDS
View the documentDALY CALCULATIONS



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Economic appraisal

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Magnitude and timing of vertical transmission

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Kreiss J. Breast-feeding and vertical transmission of HIV-1. Acta Paediatrica Suppl 1997; 421: 113-7.

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Nicoll A, Newell ML, Von Praag E, Van de Perre P, Peckham C. Infant feeding policy and practice in the presence of HIV-1 infection. AIDS 1995; 9:107-119.

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Tess BH, Rodrigues LC, Newell ML, Dunn DT, Lago TD. Infant feeding and risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Sao Paulo Collaborative Study for Vertical Transmission of HIV-1. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 1998;19:189-194.

HIV and Non-HIV mortality

Del Fante P, Jenniskens F, Lush L, et al. HIV, breast-feeding and under-5 mortality: modelling the impact of policy decisions for or against breast-feeding. J Trop Med Hyg. 1993;96:203-211.

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Preble E, Piwoz EG. HIV and Infant Feeding: A Chronology of Research and Policy Advances and their Implications for Programs. The LINKAGES Project, 1998.

Tess BH, Rodrigues LC, Newell ML, et al. Infant feeding and risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 in Sao Paulo State, Brazil. JAIDS. 1998;19:189-194.

Victora, CG, PG Smith, JP Vaughan, et al. 1987. Evidence for protection by breast-feeding against infant diseases in Brazil. The Lancet 1987, ii:319-22.

Feeding patterns

Chimere-Dan O. Household Survey 1994, Transkei, Eastern Cape Province. Transkei Department of Welfare and Pensions, Central Statistical Service, Department of Health, and Population Centre Wits University. 1996.

Macro International, Central Statistical Office, and Ministry of Health Zambia. Zambia Demographic and Health Survey, 1996. Calverton, Maryland USA: Macro International Inc; 1997. NOTE: Demographic and Health Surveys can be ordered free of charge for a wide range of countries from Macro International, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300, Calverton, MD 20705, Tel: 301-572-0200; Fax: 301-572-0999

Nicoll, A, M-L Newell, E Van Praag, P Van de Perre, and C Peckham. 1995. Infant feeding policy and practice in the presence of HIV-1 infection. AIDS 1995, 9:107-19.

Population Reference Bureau. Breastfeeding patterns in the developing world. Washington DC., 1999 Website: email:

Ross SM, van Middelkoop A, Khoza NC. Breast feeding practices in a black community. S Afr Med J 1983;63:23-25.