|What is Local Response to HIV/AIDS(Key note ) (UNAIDS, 2000, 9 p.)|
Complementary actions and learning at all levels of a country are the key elements for scaling up local responses.
Key social groups engaged in local partnerships can create the self-confidence necessary for progress to be achieved, sharing that confidence and their experiences with other groups and communities.
District bureaucracies - the first level of sector management - link local with national activities. They assess the HIV situation and help identify key social groups in the local response to AIDS, providing support to such groups. The bureaucracies analyse, document and disseminate what they learn from the local responses. They can then press for and negotiate with the national authorities the reforms needed in key sectors to sustain local responses.
Government ministries, NGOs and the private sector should scale up local responses to the national level by incorporating local lessons into their strategic planning and reform processes. Governments, for example, should scale up by adopting policy reforms that have passed the test at the local level. Such reforms should enable effective and sustained local responses throughout the country.
Country facilitators act as intermediaries between local and global learning. They help people document and exchange experiences. Lessons learned are presented in Key Notes, Technical Notes and case-studies.
International organizations A UNAIDS cosponsor or a donor agency should be responsible for enabling local response initiatives to take place and be effective in a particular country. The organisation takes the responsibility for the financial and administrative support to implementation of the agenda.
The international Technical Resource Network on local responses, consisting of country-facilitators and other key actors in local responses exchange experiences all over the world. Communication takes place through an electronic platform (firstname.lastname@example.org). Members of the network meet face-to-face twice a year during technical meetings where they seek concensus on global learning on local responses.
The Geneva based local response team has a specific task in facilitating and stimulating learning on local responses. It incorporates the local experiences in the global agenda and advocates policy and strategy changes according to new lessons.
For more information, please contact Dr Jean-Louis Lamboray, Senior Adviser to the Director and Coordinator for Local Responses to HIV/AIDS, at:
Department of Policy, Strategy and Research (PSR), UNAIDS, 20 Avenue Appia, CH-1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland; tel: (41-22) 791 4756; fax: (41-22) 791 4741; e-mail: email@example.com