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close this bookHIV/AIDS Epidemiology in Sub-Saharan Africa (UNAIDS, 1996, 9 p.)
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View the documentWhat does the epidemic look like in this region?
View the documentWhat is the impact of the epidemic in this region and what can be done against it?

What does the epidemic look like in this region?

· As of late 1995, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) estimates that nearly 13 million adults are living with HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa*. This represents around 65% of the world total. Of the 7500 new infections that occur daily world-wide, 50% are in sub-Saharan Africa.

* Includes people who are infected with HIV and who have not yet developed AIDS and those who are infected with HIV and have developed AIDS.

· If current epidemic trends continue through the end of this decade, it is estimated that between 30 and 40 million adults will have been infected with HIV by the year 2000. Of these, about 60% will be in sub-Saharan Africa.

· In some areas, however, for example, in Uganda, the rate of new infections appear to be stable or decreasing, indicating that prevention efforts can be successful.

· Over 50% of new HIV infections in Africa occur in women. Women also carry the main burden of care of family members with HIV/AIDS. Approximately 6 million women in sub-Saharan Africa are HIV positive.

· Mother-to-child transmission is an increasing problem. UNAIDS believes that in sub-Saharan Africa as many as 1 million children may already have been infected prior to or during birth, or through breast-feeding.