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close this bookAIDS in Africa; Country by country (ADF Profile Book). (UNAIDS, 2000, 243 p.)
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Morocco

HIV/AIDS epidemiological summary

HIV prevalence information among antenatal clinic attendees has been available from Morocco since 1990. Agadir, Casablanca, Marrakech, Rabat and Tanger are considered major urban areas. No evidence of HIV infection was found among this group until 1993 when 0.2% of antenatal women in Rabat tested HIV-positive. In 1997, however, there was no evidence of HIV infection among antenatal clinic women tested in Agadir, Casablanca or Marrakech. Nor was there evidence of HIV infection among antenatal clinic women tested in Safi, F Mekn Oujda or Tuan in 1996 and 1997.

In 1997, a median of 1% of STI clinic patients in Agadir, Casablanca, Marrakech, Rabat and Tangier tested HIV - positive. Outside of the major urban areas, there was no evidence of HIV infection among STI clinic patients tested in Oujda, Mekn Safi, Tuan and Fin 1996. However, in 1997, 1% of STI clinic patients in Oujda and Tuan tested HIV-positive.

Estimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS, end 1999

Adults and children

Adults
(15-49)

Adult rate
(%)

Women
(15-49)

Children
(0-14)

Source: UNAIDS/WHO, June 2000

-

5000

0.03

-

-

Demographic impact of HIV/AIDS


Year

Estimate

Source

Children who lost their mother or both parents due to HIV/AIDS at age 14 or younger since the beginning of the epidemic


-

-

UNAIDS/WHO, June 2000

Estimated AIDS deaths


-

-

UNAIDS/WHO, June 2000

Behavioural indicators


Year

Age group

Male

Female

Reported condom use during most recent intercourse with a non-regular partner (%)


-

-

-

-

Reported non-regular sexual partnership over a 12-month period (%)


-

-

-

-

Measured HIV prevalence


Year

Median

Min.

Max.

Women in antenatal care clinics - major urban areas (%)


1997

0.0

0.0

0.0


Figure

Economic impact of HIV/AIDS

Summary of the economic impact of HIV/AIDS

As with many of the countries of Northern Africa, no data on the economic impact of AIDS in Morocco were available. With the prevalence of AIDS in these areas at a low level, the impact is mostly felt in the health sector and at the household level. Data are required in order for us to understand the current level of demand on the health sector and the future costs. In households, illness and death lead to increased expenditure, reduced savings and shifts in productivity patterns. Again, studies are required for an understanding of the nature of the epidemic’s effect. Information in these areas can help shape policy responses appropriately so that the extent of the epidemic’s impact is minimized.

Macroeconomic impact

Not available

Economic impact of HIV/AIDS on households

Not available

Economic impact of HIV/AIDS on agriculture

Not available

Economic impact of HIV/AIDS on firms

Not available

Economic impact of HIV/AIDS on education

Supply: Not available
Demand: Not available

Economic impact on the health sector

Supply: Not available
Demand: Not available
Resource gap: Not available

Management and implementation of the national response to HIV/AIDS

Policy formulation

Existence of national HIV/AIDS policy (either a written document or part of one)

Yes

No



Comments/Key elements: Not available
Source: Not available
Date: Not available

Existence of HIV/AIDS policy in the following sectors:

Sector

Yes

No

Agriculture



Education



Health



Military



Workplace



Sports



Others



Comments/Key elements: Not available
Source: Not available
Date: Not available

Existence of HIV/AIDS-specific legislation against discrimination on the grounds of HIV

Yes

No



Comments/Key elements:
Source: Not available
Date: Not available

Organizational structure

Existence of high-level structure in support of the national response

(e.g. National AIDS Committee/Commission, Inter-Ministerial Committee, Presidential-level bodies)

Yes

No



Comments/Key elements: Not available
Source: Not available
Date: Not available

Planning and programming

Existence of national strategic plan on HIV/AIDS

Yes

No



Comments/Key elements: Not available
Source: Not available
Date: Not available

National strategic plan on HIV/AIDS includes clearly identified priorities

Yes

No



Comments/Key elements: Not available
Source: Not available
Date: Not available

Existence of budget for implementation of the national strategic plan

Yes

No



Comments/Key elements: Not available
Source: Not available
Date: Not available

General demographic and socioeconomic indicators

Demographic indicators

Year

Estimate

Source

Total population (thousands)

1999

27 867

UNPOP

Population aged 15-49 (thousands)

1999

15 284

UNPOP

Annual population growth (%)

1990-1998

1.7

UNPOP

% of population urbanized

1998

52

UNPOP

Average annual growth rate of urban population (%)

1990-1998

2.8

UNPOP

Economic Indicators

Year

Estimate

Source

GNP per capita (US$)

1997

1260

World Bank

GNP per capita average annual growth rate (%)

1996-1997

-3.9

World Bank

Human Development Index rank (HDI)

2000

124

UNDP

% population economically active

-

36.0

ILO

Unemployment rate

1996

17.8

ILO

Education Indicators

Year

Estimate

Source

Total adult literacy rate

1995

44

UNESCO

Adult male literacy rate

1995

57

UNESCO

Adult female literacy rate

1995

31

UNESCO

Male secondary school enrolment ratio

1996

44.4

UNESCO

Female secondary school enrolment ratio

1996

33.9

UNESCO

Health Indicators

Year

Estimate

Source

Crude birth rate (births per 1000 pop.)

1999

25

UNPOP

Crude death rate (deaths per 1000 pop.)

1999

7

UNPOP

Maternal mortality rate (per 100 000 live births)

1990

610

WHO

Life expectancy at birth

1998

67

UNPOP

Total fertility rate

1998

3.0

UNPOP

Infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births)

1999

48

UNPOP/UNICEF

Contraceptive prevalence rate (%)

-

-

-

% of births attended by trained health personnel

-

-

-

% of one-year-old children fully immunized-DPT

-

-

-

References