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close this bookGuide to Strategic Planning Process for a National Response to HIV/AIDS: Introduction (UNAIDS, 1998, 12 p.)
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Guide to the strategic planning process for a national response to HIV/AIDS

This guide, comprising four modules plus an introduction, is intended for use by country programmes, either at a national or decentralized level, other agencies and organizations such as international nongovernmental organizations and donor agencies.


Strategic planning, as developed in the present guide, defines not only the strategic framework of the national response, i.e. its fundamental principles, broad strategies, and institutional framework, but also the intermediate steps that need to be taken in order to change the current situation into one that represents the objectives to be reached.

Module 1. Situation analysis

A situation analysis looks specifically at situations that may be relevant to HIV, the factors that favour or impede its spread, and the factors that favour or impede achieving the best possible quality of life for those living with HIV and for their families.

Module 2. Response analysis

In analysing the response, countries look at all the relevant initiatives in a priority area, not just those that are part of the official national programme. Community-organized activities and those organized by private companies, academic organizations, and nongovernmental organizations all contribute to the national response.

Module 3. Strategic plan formulation

The formulation of a strategic planning process deals with the question of what should be done about the HIV situation in the country in the future. The plan includes not only a strategic framework but the more detailed strategies necessary to change the current situation and the successive intermediate steps needed to reach the stated objectives.

Module 4. Resource mobilization

The resource mobilization module is a useful guide to find out how to acquire the resources needed to carry out work on HIV/AIDS. It focuses on the steps necessary to assess what resources are currently available (and how those resources are being used) and how additional resources (and resource partners) can be identified and accessed.