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close this bookEpidemiological Fact Sheet on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections: Australia (UNAIDS, 2000, 12 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCountry Information
View the documentEstimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS
View the documentAssessment of epidemiological situation - Australia
View the documentHIV sentinel surveillance
View the documentMaps of HIV sentinel sites
View the documentReported AIDS cases
View the documentCurable Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)
View the documentHealth service indicators
View the documentKnowledge and behaviour
View the documentSources
View the documentAnnex: HIV Surveillance data by site

Country Information

UNAIDS/WHO Working Group on Global HIV/AIDS and STI Surveillance

Global Surveillance of HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is a joint effort of WHO and UNAIDS. The UNAIDS/WHO Working Group on Global HIV/AIDS and STI Surveillance, initiated in November 1996, guides respective activities. The primary objective of the working group is to strengthen national, regional and global structures and networks for improved monitoring and surveillance of HIV/AIDS and STIs. For this purpose, the working group collaborates closely with national AIDS programmes and a number of national and international experts and institutions. The goal of this collaboration is to compile the best information available and to improve the quality of data needed for informed decision-making and planning at national, regional and global levels. The Epidemiological Fact Sheets are one of the products of this close and fruitful collaboration across the globe.


Population pyramid, 1999

The working group and its partners have established a framework standardizing the collection of data deemed important for a thorough understanding of the current status and trends of the epidemic, as well as patterns of risk and vulnerability in the population. Within this framework, the Fact Sheets collate the most recent country-specific data on HIV/AIDS prevalence and incidence, together with information on behaviours (e.g casual sex and condom use) which can spur or stem the transmission of HIV.

Not unexpectedly, information on all of the agreed-upon indicators was not available for many countries in 1999. However, these updated Fact Sheets do contain a wealth of information which allows identification of strengths in currently existing programmes and comparisons between countries and regions. The Fact Sheets may also be instrumental in identifying potential partners when planning and implementing improved surveillance systems.

The fact sheets can be only as good as information made available to the UNAIDS/WHO Working Group on Global HIV/AIDS and STI Surveillance. Therefore, the working group would like to encourage all programme managers as well as national and international experts to communicate additional information to the working group whenever such information becomes available. The working group also welcomes any suggestions for additional indicators or information proven to be useful in national or international decision-making and planning.

Indicators

Year

Estimate

Source

Total Population (thousands)

1999

18,705

UNPOP

Population Aged 15-49 (thousands)

1999

9,650

UNPOP

Annual Population Growth

1990-1998

1.2

UNPOP

% of Population Urbanized

1998

84

UNPOP

Average Annual Growth Rate of Urban Population

1990-1998

1.0

UNPOP

GNP Per Capita (US$)

1997

20,650

World Bank

GNP Per Capita Average Annual Growth Rate

1996-1997

-0.6

World Bank

Human Development Index Rank (HDI)

1999

7

UNDP

% Population Economic Active




Unemployment Rate

1997

8.4

ILO

Total Adult Literacy Rate




Adult Male Literacy Rate




Adult Female Literacy Rate




Male Secondary School Enrollment Ratio

1997

153.3

UNESCO

Female Secondary School Enrollment Ratio

1997

152.6

UNESCO

Crude Birth Rate (births per 1,000 pop.)

1999

13

UNPOP

Crude Death Rate (deaths per 1,000 pop.)

1999

8

UNPOP

Maternal Mortality Rate (per 100,000 live births)

1990

9

WHO

Life Expectancy at Birth

1998

78

UNPOP

Total Fertility Rate

1998

1.8

UNPOP

Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000 live births)

1999

6

UNICEF/UNPOP

Contact address:
UNAIDS/WHO Working Group on Global HIV/AIDS and STI Surveillance
20, Avenue Appia
CH-1211 Geneva 27
Switzerland
Fax: +41 22 791 4878
email: surveillance@UNAIDS.org
http://www.who.ch/emc/diseases/hiv
http://www.unaids.org