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close this bookA Strategic Approach Towards an AIDS-competent Society (Technical Note no.1) (UNAIDS, 2000, 9 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentStep 1 Creating AIDS competence
View the documentStep 2 The development, by consensus, of a national strategy on HIV/AIDS, based on local responses
View the documentStep 3 Appointing a national facilitator for local responses to HIV/AIDS
View the documentStep 4 Establishing a local responses support team at district level
View the documentStep 5 Understanding the epidemic and identifying key social groups
View the documentStep 6 Developing local partnerships
View the documentStep 7 Learning from action
View the documentStep 8 Sector reforms to enhance sectoral AIDS competence
View the documentStep 9 Encouraging the proliferation of AIDS competence

Step 2 The development, by consensus, of a national strategy on HIV/AIDS, based on local responses

The key elements in developing a national strategy based on local responses are:

· Decentralization

The most appropriate decentralized planning unit, close to the communities, should be chosen to implement interventions. A basic package of interventions - cutting across all sectors - should be formulated, which is flexible and can respond dynamically to changing conditions. An initial evaluation of the various communities should be undertaken to help determine how best to reach decentralized groups. Communities should always be regarded as both partners and important actors in interventions.

· A multisectoral approach

The approach adopted should be both multisectoral and participatory. Responses will be greatly enhanced if highly-placed officials in a given sector commit their support. All interventions in a particular community should take into account the social, cultural and legal aspects of that community.

· Partnerships

Partners - from a range of social, cultural and religious groups - should be involved in programmes at the local level and in analysing the results of interventions. The ideal is a common goal and a plan of action with clearly defined tasks between the various partners.