|A Strategic Approach Towards an AIDS-competent Society (Technical Note no.1) (UNAIDS, 2000, 9 p.)|
The key elements in developing a national strategy based on local responses are:
The most appropriate decentralized planning unit, close to the communities, should be chosen to implement interventions. A basic package of interventions - cutting across all sectors - should be formulated, which is flexible and can respond dynamically to changing conditions. An initial evaluation of the various communities should be undertaken to help determine how best to reach decentralized groups. Communities should always be regarded as both partners and important actors in interventions.
· A multisectoral approach
The approach adopted should be both multisectoral and participatory. Responses will be greatly enhanced if highly-placed officials in a given sector commit their support. All interventions in a particular community should take into account the social, cultural and legal aspects of that community.
Partners - from a range of social, cultural and religious groups - should be involved in programmes at the local level and in analysing the results of interventions. The ideal is a common goal and a plan of action with clearly defined tasks between the various partners.