Cover Image
close this bookThe Determinants of the HIV/AIDS Epidemics in Europe: held in conjunction with the 12th World AIDS Conference (UNAIDS, 1998, 44 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPrevious reports produced by MAP
View the documentAcknowledgments
View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. Overall socioeconomic and health situation
View the document3. Increased vulnerability to HIV/STI
close this folder4. Testing strategies and epidemiological surveillance
View the document4.1. Development of new testing strategies
View the document4.2. Anonymous testing
View the document4.3. Partner notification
View the document4.4. Validity of HIV data
View the document4.5. Registration of HIV cases
close this folder5. The unfolding of the epidemic
View the document(introduction...)
View the document5.1. The beginning of the epidemic
View the document5.2. Ukraine
View the document5.3. Belarus and Moldova
View the document5.4. Russian Federation
View the document5.5. Caucasus republics, Baltic states and central Asia
close this folder6. Determinants of the epidemic among drug users
View the document(introduction...)
View the document6.1. Increases in drug supply
View the document6.2. Size of IDU problem
View the document6.3. Geographic and demographic characteristics of drug users
View the document6.4. Needle/syringe sharing
View the document6.5. Risks associated with drug preparation
View the document6.6. Concentration of drug production
View the document6.7. Risks associated with drug distribution
View the document6.8. Migration and transport links
View the document6.9. The role of drug policies and programs
View the document6.10. Specific projects
close this folder7. HIV among prisoners
View the document(introduction...)
View the document7.1. Size of the problem
View the document7.2. Evidence of HIV transmission in prisons
View the document7.3. Prevention policies and programs
close this folder8. Projections
View the document(introduction...)
View the document8.1. HIV prevalence among pregnant women and blood donors
View the document8.2. Sexual partners of drug users
View the document8.3. Projections
close this folder9. Determinants of STI/HIV spread among female sex workers
View the document(introduction...)
View the document9.1. Size of sex worker populations
View the document9.2. Categories of female sex workers
View the document9.3. Earnings from sex work
View the document9.4. Differences in risk and vulnerability
View the document9.5. Condom use
View the document9.6. The epidemiological situation
View the document9.7. Prevention programs
close this folder10. Sexually transmitted infections
View the document(introduction...)
View the document10.1. Magnitude of the problem
View the document10.2. Two groups of determinants
View the document10.3. Changes in sexual behaviors
View the document10.4. Demographic characteristics of STI patients
View the document10.5. Factors related to the health care system
close this folder11. Determinants of the epidemic among men who have sex with men
View the document(introduction...)
View the document11.1. Legislation and public attitudes towards homosexuality
View the document11.2. Main features of male-to-male sex in Russia and the NIS
View the document11.3. Underground circuits
View the document11.4. Main behavioral determinants
View the document11.5. Epidemiological data
View the document11.6. Prevention programs and projects
close this folder12. Conclusion and recommendations
View the document12.1. What we know
View the document12.2. The limits of knowledge
View the document12.3. Remaining questions and recommendations
View the documentList of Participants for 1999
View the documentBack cover


Geneva, Switzerland
June 28 - July 3, 1998

Hosted by the Marcel Meux Foundation
Veyrier du Lac, France

Monitoring the AIDS Pandemic (MAP) Network

MAP is a collegial network of internationally recognized technical experts seeking to assess the status and trends of the global HIV/AIDS pandemic. Created in 1996, MAP is jointly sponsored by its founding institutions:

Family Health International, funded by the United
States Agency for International Development

The Frans-Xavier Bagnoud Center
for Health and Human Rights of the
Harvard School of Public Health

The Joint United Nations
Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)

MAP’s more than 120 members in 40 countries are epidemiologists, modelers, economists, and social, behavioral, public health and international development specialists, recruited through a nomination process and currently guided by an Interim Global Steering Committee. MAP hopes to make its greatest impact by providing objective, timely and high-quality analyses of the most current information on the pandemic, for the improvement of prevention, care and social interventions worldwide.

MAP workshops and membership meetings are held in conjunction with regional and international HIV/AIDS conferences. This enables MAP to function on a small budget and to distribute results from its analyses promptly to conference participants.

AIDS service organizations and regional networks of people living with HIV/AIDS are invited to participate in MAP workshops. MAP works towards building consensus in an atmosphere of collegiality, cultural sensitivity, and mutual respect for conflicting points of view. It functions on the basis of volunteerism and personal and institutional contributions, with limited financial support from international organizations, including UNAIDS, and provides an independent perspective on issues raised by the HIV/AIDS pandemic.

Publications and other work products arising from the work of the MAP Network are the sole responsibility of the Network. The contents of this report and other work products do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of MAP’s founding and sponsoring institutions.

MAP Co-Chairs:
Peter Lamptey
Daniel Tarantola

MAP Interim Steering Committee Members:
Chris Archibald
Stephen Blount
Tim Brown
Jean-Baptiste Brunet
Jim Chin
Antonio Gerbase
John Kaldor
Bernhard Schwartler
Karen Stanecki DeLay
John Ward
Fernando Zacarias
Debrework Zewdie

MAP Interim Secretariat:
Frans-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights
Harvard School of Public Health
651 Huntington Avenue, 7th Floor
Boston, MA 02115 U. S. A.
Telephone: +1 (617) 432-0656
Fax: +1 (617) 432-4310
E-mail: iv