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close this bookFacts about UNAIDS: in individual countries (UNAIDS, 1997, 13 p.)
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View the documentHow UNAIDS can strengthen the national response
View the documentCountry-level operations at a glance
close this folderUN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS
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View the documentTheme Group membership and participation
View the documentRoles and responsibilities of the Resident Coordinator
View the documentRoles and responsibilities of the Theme Group Chairperson
View the documentRoles of the Theme Group
View the documentTheme Group working groups
close this folderUNAIDS Country Programme Advisers and UNAIDS Focal Points
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View the documentRoles in relation to the UN system
View the documentRoles in relation to the national response
View the documentReporting and channels of communication
View the documentTechnical collaboration
close this folderAdministrative support
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View the documentAgreements with UNDP and WHO
View the documentResource mobilization

Country-level operations at a glance

UNAIDS is a small, catalytic programme rather than a new agency. Its structure and way of working are predicated on partnerships, first and foremost with its own six cosponsoring organizations and the wider UN system. Every effort is made to avoid duplicating mechanisms or structures that exist already.

The UN Resident Coordinator System was established by the decision of the General Assembly. The UN Resident Coordinator has the responsibility for the coordination of the UN system’s operational activities for development at the national level, including HIV/AIDS-related activities in cooperation with the host government.

Accordingly, in developing countries and the economies in transition, UNAIDS operates through the existing UN Resident Coordinator system. The Resident Coordinator establishes a UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS composed of the resident representatives (heads) of all UNAIDS cosponsors present in the country. The host government is invited to participate. This interagency group then meets regularly to coordinate and strengthen UN system support to national action against AIDS.

In many countries the Theme Group has, or will have, the help of a UNAIDS Country Programme Adviser, who also provides basic programme support to the country's HIV/AIDS activities. In other countries, a cosponsor staff member should be designated as the UNAIDS Focal Point to assist the Theme Group in its work. In addition, UNAIDS operates intercountry technical teams that can be called on, and provides direct support from its main office in Geneva.

At country level, therefore, UNAIDS can best be seen as the sum of the AIDS-related activities carried out by its six cosponsors with the backing of UNAIDS staff, technical guidance and other resources.