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close this bookGuide to Strategic Planning Process for a National Response to HIV/AIDS: Strategic Plan Formulation (UNAIDS, 1998, 32 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderI. Introduction to strategic plan formulation
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View the documentI.1 Why formulate a strategic plan?
close this folderI.2 Different options of strategic plans
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View the documentExample: Philippines National HIV/AIDS Strategy
View the documentI.3 Using this module
View the documentI.4 Who will use the finished strategic plan?
close this folderII. Responsibilities
View the documentII.1 Overall responsibility
close this folderII.2 Strategic plan formulation team
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View the documentExample: Members of a working group on youth
View the documentII.3 Administration of strategic plan formulation
View the documentII.4 Scheduling of steps
close this folderIII. Formulating a strategic plan
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close this folderWhat is a strategy?
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View the documentExample: Multi-initiative strategy for increasing condom use
View the documentIII.1 Re-examine the national guiding principles
View the documentIII.2 Confirm priority areas for a national response
View the documentIII.3 Set objectives in priority areas
close this folderIII.4 Develop strategies to reach objectives in priority areas
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View the documentExample: Turning an obstacle into an opportunity
View the documentIII.5 Develop a strategic framework for the national response
View the documentIII.6 Examine the strengths and weaknesses of proposed strategies
View the documentIII.7 Revise objectives and strategies where necessary
close this folderIII.8 Plan flexible management and funding to ensure support for emerging strategies
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View the documentExample: Strategy formulation for one priority area: Reducing HIV transmission among young people.
close this folderIV. Producing a strategic plan document
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View the documentIV.1 Example: Outline of a strategic plan
View the documentIV.2 Circulating the strategic plan
View the documentIV.3 Using the final strategic plan
View the documentV. Next steps: Resource mobilization, operational plans, implementation
View the documentVI. Bibliography
View the documentBack Cover


Whereas all strategic plans have a set of characteristic features in common, there are several options to planning strategically, according to the level of detail and operationalization:

A strategic plan may be conceived as a general framework for implementing the national response. Such a strategic framework sets fundamental principles, broad strategies, and the institutional framework, and is the basis for a subsequent formulation of more operational priority projects and programmes.

In the second option, the strategic plan would not only include the strategic framework as defined above, but also the more detailed strategies necessary to change the current situation, and the successive intermediate steps needed to reach the stated objectives.

The “strategic plan for action” - the third option - takes the level of detail still a step further: the priority actions contain not only operational plans, but also detailed alternatives for each strategy, to overcome potential obstacles.

To illustrate the first option, the following example lists the guiding principles contained in the Philippine National HIV/AIDS Strategy, as it was published after many months of consultations with the agencies involved in the national response.

While this first option provides a valid framework for subsequent planning of priority strategies, it remains quite theoretical, and may be less conducive to immediate action. The third option would require sophisticated techniques and highly specialized human resources. The option implicitly adopted in the present module is the second one, where a strategic framework is defined as well as a number of priority strategies.