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close this bookEpidemiological Fact Sheet on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections: Romania (UNAIDS, 2000, 12 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCountry Information
View the documentEstimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS
View the documentAssessment of epidemiological situation - Romania
View the documentHIV sentinel surveillance
View the documentMaps of HIV sentinel sites
View the documentReported AIDS cases
View the documentCurable Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)
View the documentHealth service indicators
View the documentKnowledge and behaviour
View the documentSources
View the documentAnnex: HIV Surveillance data by site

Assessment of epidemiological situation - Romania

HIV testing and case reporting: By end 1997, HIV testing was mandatory for STD and TB patients, pregnant women and prostitutes, Data on diagnosed HIV cases are reported at national level since 1992. By end 1999, a cumulative total of 4,399 HIV cases were reported, of which 3210 (73%) in children. HIV prevalence: No information was provided on serosurveys or screening programmes conducted in pregnant women, STD patients or IDU, although HIV sentinel surveillance system has been mentioned in the literature. In 1989 a dramatic epidemic of nosocomial HIV infection was discovered among orphans and hospitalised children. The cumulative number of HIV infected children has been estimated at 10,000.