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close this bookEpidemiological Fact Sheet on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections: Ghana (UNAIDS, 2000, 12 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCountry Information
View the documentEstimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS
View the documentAssessment of epidemiological situation - Ghana
View the documentHIV sentinel surveillance
View the documentMaps of HIV sentinel sites
View the documentReported AIDS cases
View the documentCurable Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)
View the documentHealth service indicators
View the documentKnowledge and behaviour
View the documentSources
View the documentAnnex: HIV Surveillance data by site

Reported AIDS cases

AIDS cases by year of reporting

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

Total

Unkn

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

42

112

739

2331

2013

2442

2606

2371

2330

2578

3295

3833

4854


29546


Date of last report: 20/May/99

Following WHO and UNAIDS recommendations, AIDS case reporting is carried out in most countries. Data from individual AIDS cases is aggregated at the national level and sent to WHO. However, case reports come from surveillance systems of varying quality. Reporting rates vary substantially from country to country and low reporting rates are common in developing countries due to weaknesses in the health care and epidemiological systems. In addition, countries use different AIDS case definitions. A main disadvantage of AIDS case reporting is that it only provides information on transmission patterns and levels of infection approximately 5-10 years in the past, limiting its usefulness for monitoring recent HIV infections.

Despite these caveats, AIDS case reporting remains an important advocacy tool and is useful in estimating the burden of HIV-related morbidity as well as for short-term planning of health care services. AIDS case reports also provide information on the demographic and geographic characteristics of the affected population and on the relative importance of the various exposure risks. In some situations, AIDS reports can be used to estimate earlier HIV infection patterns using back-calculation. AIDS case reports and AIDS deaths have been dramatically reduced in industrialized countries with the introduction of HAART (Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy).

AIDS cases by mode of transmission

Hetero: Heterosexual contacts.

Homo/Bi: Homosexual contacts between men.

IDU: Injecting drug use. This transmission category also includes cases in which other high-risk behaviours were reported, in addition to injection of drugs.

Blood: Blood and blood products.

Perinatal: Vertical transmission during pregnancy, birth or breastfeeding.

NS: Not specified/unknown.

Sex

Trans. Group

<96

1996

1997

1998

1999

Unkn

Total

%

All

Total


3295

3833

4854



11982

100.0


Hetero


3636

3068

4824



11528

96.2


Homo/Bi


0

0

0



0

0.0


IDU


0

0

0



0

0.0


Blood


165

191

0



356

3.0


Perinatal


494

574

30



1098

9.2


Other Known


0

0

0



0

0.0


Unknown


0

0

0



0

0.0

Male

Total


1400

1537

2028



4965

100.0


Hetero


1120

1230

2014



4364

87.9


Homo/Bi


0

0

0



0

0.0


IDU


0

0

0



0

0.0


Blood


70

77

0



147

3.0


Perinatal


210

230

14



454

9.1


Other Known


0

0

0



0

0.0


Unknown


0

0

0



0

0.0

Female

Total


1895

2296

2826



7017

100.0


Hetero


1516

1838

2810



6164

87.8


IDU


0

0

0



0

0.0


Blood


95

114

0



209

3.0


Perinatal


284

344

16



644

9.2


Other Known


0

0

0



0

0.0


Unknown


0

0

0



0

0.0

NS

Total


0

0

0



0



Hetero


0

0

0



0



IDU


0

0

0



0



Blood


0

0

0



0



Perinatal


0

0

0



0



Other Known


0

0

0



0



Unknown


0

0

0



0


Aids cases by age and sex

Sex

Age

<96

1996

1997

1998

1999

Unkn.

Total

%

All

All


3295

3833

4854



11982



0-4


7

9

30



46



5-9


1

1

6



8



10-14


10

8

17



35



15-19


53

76

72



201



20-24



416

459



875



25-29


636

795

958



2389



30-34


747

852

1015



2614



35-39


621

651

964



2236



40-44


363

426

561



1350



45-49


326

296

372



994



50-54


129

148

202



479



55-59


66

68

102



236



60+



84

90



174



NS


12

3

6



21


Male

All


1400

1537

2028



4965

100.0


0-4


7

5

14



26

0.4


5-9


0

1

5



6

0.1


10-14


0

4

1



5

0.3


15-19


9

17

18



44

1.7


20-24


72

89

91



252

7.3


25-29


208

240

292



740

19.9


30-34


342

338

436



1116

21.8


35-39


331

321

490



1142

18.7


40-44


207

212

309



728

11.3


45-49


116

179

193



488

8.3


50-54


57

64

101



222

4.0


55-59


20

38

43



101

2.0


60+


27

28

33



88

1.5


NS


4

1

2



7

0.2

Female

All


1895

2296

2826



7017

100.0


0-4


0

4

16



20

0.5


5-9


1

0

1



2

0.1


10-14


10

4

16



30

0.1


15-19


44

59

54



157

0.9


20-24



327

368



695

5.1


25-29


428

555

666



1649

14.9


30-34


405

514

579



1498

22.5


35-39


290

330

474



1094

23.0


40-44


156

214

252



622

14.7


45-49


120

117

179



416

9.8


50-54


72

84

101



257

4.5


55-59


46

30

59



135

2.0


60+


36

56

57



149

1.8


NS


8

1

4



13

0.1

NS

All


0

0

0



0

100.0


0-4


0

0

0



0

0.3


5-9


0

0

0



0

0.0


10-14


0

0

0



0

0.4


15-19


0

0

0



0

2.2


20-24


0

0

0



0

9.9


25-29


0

0

0



0

23.5


30-34


0

0

0



0

21.3


35-39


0

0

0



0

15.6


40-44


0

0

0



0

8.9


45-49


0

0

0



0

5.9


50-54


0

0

0



0

3.7


55-59


0

0

0



0

1.9


60+


0

0

0



0

2.1


NS


0

0

0



0

0.2