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close this bookEpidemiological Fact Sheet on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections: Italy (UNAIDS, 2000, 12 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCountry Information
View the documentEstimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS
View the documentAssessment of epidemiological situation - Italy
View the documentHIV sentinel surveillance
View the documentMaps of HIV sentinel sites
View the documentReported AIDS cases
View the documentCurable Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)
View the documentHealth service indicators
View the documentKnowledge and behaviour
View the documentSources
View the documentAnnex: HIV Surveillance data by site

Curable Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

The predominant mode of transmission of both HIV and other STIs is sexual intercourse. Measures for preventing sexual transmission of HIV and STI are the same, as are the target audiences for interventions. In addition, strong evidence supports several biological mechanisms through which STI facilitate HIV transmission by increasing both HIV infectiousness and HIV susceptibility. Significant also is the observation of a sharp decline in the concentration of HIV in the genital secretions when the infection is treated. Monitoring trends in STI can provide valuable information on the sexual transmission of HIV as well as the impact of behavioural interventions, such as promotion of condom use.

Clinical services offering STI care are an important access point for people at high risk for both AIDS and STI, not only for diagnosis and treatment but also for information and education. Therefore, control and prevention of STI have been recognized as a major strategy in the prevention of HIV infection and ultimately AIDS. One of the cornerstones of STI control is adequate management of patients with symptomatic STIs. This includes diagnosis, treatment and individual health education and counselling on disease prevention and partner notification. Consequently, monitoring different components of STI control can also provide information on HIV prevention within a country.

Estimated incidence and prevalence of curable STIs


Incidence

Prevalence

STIs

Year

Male

Female

All

Year

Male

Female

All

Chlamydia trach.









Gonorrhoea









Syphilis









Trichomonas









Comments:
Source:

STI Incidence, men

Prevention Indicator 9: Proportion of men aged 15-49 years who reported episodes of urethritis in the last 12 months.

Year

Area

Age

Rate

N=






Comments:
Sources:

STI Prevalence, women

Prevention Indicator 8: Proportion of pregnant women aged 15-24 years attending antenatal clinics whose blood has been screened with positive serology for syphilis.

Year

Area

Age

Rate

N=






Comments:
Sources:

STI Case management (counselled)

Prevention Indicator 7: Proportion of people presenting with STI or for STI care in health facilities who received basic advice on condoms and on partner notification.

Year

Area

Age

Rate

N=






Comments:
Sources:

STI Case management (treatments)

Prevention Indicator 6: Proportion of people presenting with STI in health facilities assessed and treated in an appropriate way (according to national standards).

Year

Area

Age

Rate

N=






Comments:
Sources: