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close this bookAIDS - 5 years since ICPD: Emerging issues and challenges for women, young people & infants. A UNAIDS discussion document (UNAIDS, 1999, 24 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentMother-to-child transmission of HIV
View the documentOdds stacked against women
View the documentYoung people and HIV/AIDS
View the documentReproductive health and human rights in the AIDS era
View the documentWhat works?
View the documentThe way ahead
View the documentSuggested further reading
View the documentFacts and Figures

Facts and Figures

· Since the pandemic began, a total of 47 million people have contracted HIV, and 14 million have died of AIDS. Today there are more than 33 million people living with the virus worldwide.

· In 1998 alone there were nearly 6 million new infections.

· Every minute of every day, around 11 people become newly infected with HIV.

· Globally, one in ten of those who became newly infected during 1998 was a child under the age of 15 years. The vast majority were in sub-Saharan Africa, while some were infected through blood or sexual abuse, and most are believed to have acquired the virus from their mothers.

· Today about half of all new infections past infancy are in young people below the age of 25 years, very many of them still teenagers.

· By the end of 1998 a cumulative total of 18.5 million women had been infected with HIV worldwide, and nearly five million women had died of AIDS.

· 90% of infected women currently live in developing countries.

· However, the risk is increasing for women everywhere - in developed and developing countries alike. In France, women’s share of reported AIDS cases increased from 12% in 1985 to 20% ten years later. In Spain female AIDS cases rose from 7% to 19% of all AIDS cases during the same period. And in Brazil the proportion rose from just 1% in 1984 to 25% ten years later.

· Recent surveys from India indicate that HIV is no longer concentrated in certain high risk groups, such as urban sex workers and their clients, and drug injectors, but now has a firm foothold in the general population. More than 1% of pregnant women in some cities are now HIV-positive.

· In African countries worst affected by the epidemic, AIDS accounts up to 70% of deaths of women aged 20-44 years.

· AIDS may already have doubled the mortality rate in children under 5 in regions most affected by the virus.

· In African countries with an adult HIV prevalence of 10% or more, life expectancy is projected to drop by about 17 years for generations born early in the next century.

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