|Enhancing the Greater Involvement of People Living or affected by HIV/AIDS (GIPA) in sub-Saharan Africa (UNAIDS, 2000, 28 p.)|
The initiative was deemed necessary for the following reasons: first, to provide the required social setting for dialogue on issues related to HIV/AIDS with those who are affected; second, to allow for the expansion of the national response by involving individuals whose representation has, until now, not been fully recognized (such as parents who are HIV-negative but have nursed an adult child who is HIV-positive, or families wherein one of the partners is HIV-negative); third, to give a human face and voice to the current statistics of HIV/AIDS; fourth, to facilitate the acceptance of the presence of HIV/AIDS in the community; and fifth, to improve the economic status of those living with and affected by HIV/AIDS.
Using a participatory approach to design the project, a consultative process was initiated early in 1995 and preparatory studies were carried out to examine the impact of employing HIV-infected individuals in the insurance sector. The final outcome of this process was a project document entitled, "UNV project to support people living with HIV and AIDS". The project was approved in September 1 996 with funding from the Special Voluntary Fund (SVF) and UNDP. Two countries - Malawi and Zambia - were selected to implement a two-year pilot project whose main purpose was to test the use of the national United Nations Volunteer (NUNV) modality as a possible mechanism for enhancing the greater involvement of individuals living with or affected by HIV and AIDS in the national response. The project was launched during the second quarter of 1 997 and it is being implemented with technical and financial support from UNAIDS and the UNDP Regional Project on HIV and Development for sub-Saharan Africa, which is based in Pretoria, South-Africa.