Cover Image
close this bookEpidemiological Fact Sheet on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections: Croatia (UNAIDS, 2000, 12 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCountry Information
View the documentEstimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS
View the documentHIV sentinel surveillance
View the documentMaps of HIV sentinel sites
View the documentReported AIDS cases
View the documentCurable sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
View the documentHealth service indicators
View the documentKnowledge and behaviour
View the documentSources
View the documentAnnex: HIV Surveillance data by site

Knowledge and behaviour

In most countries the HIV epidemic is driven by behaviours (e.g.: multiple sexual partners, intravenous drug use) that expose individuals to the risk of infection. Information on knowledge and on the level and intensity of risk behaviour related to HIV/AIDS is essential in identifying populations most at risk for HIV infection and in better understanding the dynamics of the epidemic. It is also critical information in assessing changes over time as a result of prevention efforts. One of the main goals of the 2nd generation HIV surveillance systems is the promotion of regular behavioural surveys in order to monitor trends in behaviours and target interventions.

· Knowledge of HIV- related preventive practices

Prevention Indicator 1: Proportion of people citing at least two acceptable ways of protection from HIV infection.

Year

Area

Age Group

Male

Female

All













Comments:
Sources:

· Reported non-regular sexual partnerships

Prevention Indicator 4: Proportion of sexually active people having at least one sex partner other than a regular partner in the last 12 months.

Year

Area

Age Group

Male

Female

All

1994




21.7


1994



30.5



Comments:
Sources:

· Reported condom use in risk sex (gen pop)

Prevention Indicator 5: Proportion of people reporting the use of a condom during the most recent intercourse of risk.

Year

Area

Age Group

Male

Female

All

1994


15-17

61.1

69.2


1994


15-99

41.3

35.0


1994


18-29

48.3

32.4


1994


30-44

40.9

41.9


1994


45-59

36.3

37.3


1994


60-99

33.8

33.8


Comments:
Sources:

· Ever use of condom

Percentage of people who ever used a condom.

Year

Area

Age Group

Male

Female

All













Comments:
Sources:

· Median age at first sexual experience

Median age of people at which they first had sexual intercourse.

Year

Area

Age Group

Male

Female

All













Comments:
Sources:

· Adolescent pregnancy

Percentage of teenagers 15-19 who are mothers or pregnant with their first child.

Year

Area

Age Group

Rate

N











Comments:
Sources:

· Proportion of people ever having had sex with same sex

Year

Area

Age Group

Rate

N











Comments:
Sources:

· Reported non-regular sexual partnerships (MSM)


Year

Area

Age Group

Rate

N











Comments:
Sources: