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close this bookEpidemiological Fact Sheet on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections: Rwanda (UNAIDS, 2000, 12 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCountry Information
View the documentEstimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS
View the documentAssessment of epidemiological situation - Rwanda
View the documentHIV sentinel surveillance
View the documentReported AIDS cases
View the documentCurable Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)
View the documentHealth service indicators
View the documentKnowledge and behaviour
View the documentSources
View the documentAnnex: HIV Surveillance data by site

Sources

Data presented in this Epidemiological Fact Sheet come from several different sources, including global, regional and country reports, published documents and articles, posters and presentations at international conferences, and estimates produced by UNAIDS, WHO and other United Nations Agencies. This section contains a list of the more relevant sources used for the preparation of the Fact Sheet. Where available, it also lists selected national Web sites where additional information on HIV/AIDS and STI are presented and regularly updated. However, UNAIDS and WHO do not warrant that the information in these sites is complete and correct and shall not be liable whatsoever for any damages incurred as a result of their use.

Bulterys, M., A. Saah, A. Chao, et al., 1990, Is Oral Contraceptive Use Associated with Prevalent HIV Infection in Rwandan Women?, V International Conference: AIDS in Africa, Kinshasa, Zaire, Oct. 10-12, Poster T.P.C.6.

Bucyendore, A., P. Van de Perre, E. Karita, et al., 1993, Estimating the Seroincidence of HIV-1 in the General Adult Population in Kigali, Rwanda, AIDS, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 275-277.

Bogaerts, J., C. A. Ricart, E. Van Dyck, et al., 1989, The Etiology of Genital Ulceration in Rwanda, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 123-126.

Karita, E., W. Martinez, P. Van de Perre, et al., 1993, HIV Infection among STD Patients - Kigali, Rwanda, 1988 to 1991, International Journal of STD and AIDS, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 211-213.

Le Page, P., F. Dabis, A. Serufilira, et al., 1989, Transmission of HIV-1 Virus from Mother to Children in Central Africa: A Study of Cohort in Kigali, Rwanda, IV Internat. Conf.: AIDS and Assoc. Cancers in Africa, Marseille, Oct. 18-20, Poster 243.

Lindan, C., S. Allen, M. Carael, et al., 1991, Knowledge, Attitudes, and Perceived Risk of AIDS among Urban Rwandan Women: Relationship to HIV Infection and Behavior Change, AIDS, vol. 5, no. 8, pp. 993-1002.

Ladner, J., A. De Clercq, C. Ukulikiyimfura, et al., 1992, Seroprevalence de l'Infection par le VIH-1 et Counselling chez les Femmes Enceintes: Une Etude de Cohorte a Kigali, Rwanda..., VII International Conference on AIDS in Africa, Yaounde, Cameroon, 12/8-11, Poster W.P.179.

Ladner, J., A. De Clercq, M. Nyiraziraje, et al., 1993, HIV Seroprevalence and Counselling in Pregnant Women a Cohort Study in Kigali (Rwanda), 1992, IX International Conference on AIDS, Berlin, 6/6-11, Poster PO-D15-3884.

Nziyumvira, A., J. B. Twagirakristu, S. Murorunkwere, et al., 1993, Epidemie de l'Infection au VIH au Rwanda, Resultats de Serosurveillance par Postes Sentinelles, VIII International Conference on AIDS in Africa, Marrakech, Morocco, 12/12-16, Abstract Th.P.C.068.

Ntawiniga, P., V. Leroy, C. Gazille-Rugema, et al., 1995, High Seroprevalence of HIV Infection and Syphilis among Pregnant Women: Kigali, Rwanda, May 1995, IX International Conference on AIDS and STD in Africa, Kampala, Uganda, 12/10-14, Poster TuB573.

Rwanda Ministry of Health, 1998, 1997 Population Based Serosurvey, Ministry of Health, Programme National de Lutte Contre le SIDA, Republic of Rwanda, January, unpublished report.

Seed, J. R., S. S. Allen, T. Mertens, et al., 1993, Male Circumcision, Sexually Transmitted Disease, and Risk of HIV a Study of Urban Rwandan Men, IX International Conference on AIDS, Berlin, 6/6-11, Poster PO-C03-2622.

Twagirakristu, J. B., E. Fox, A. Nziyumvira, et al., 1992, Etat de l'Infection VIH au Rwanda en 1991, VII International Conference on AIDS in Africa, Yaounde, Cameroon, 12/8-11, Poster T.P.014.

Van Hove, D., P. Ntawiniga, I. Ntaganira, et al., 1997, HIV Sentinel Surveillance among Sexually Transmitted Disease Patients in Rwanda, Xth International Conference on AIDS and STD in Africa Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire, 12/7-11, Poster B.455.

Van Hove, D., P. Ntawiniga, I. Ntaganira, et al., 1997, HIV Sentinel Surveillance among Pregnant Women in Rwanda, Xth International Conference on AIDS and STD in Africa Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire, 12/7-11, Abstract B.1162.

Van Hove, D., C. Kabagabo, G. Asiimwe, et al., 1998, How Suitable are Antenatal Clinic Attenders as a Sentinel Population to Estimate HIV

Prevalence in Rwanda?, 12th World AIDS Conference, Geneva, 6/28 - 7/3, Poster 43572.

Websites: www.aids.africa.com