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close this bookEpidemiological Fact Sheet on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections: Croatia (UNAIDS, 2000, 12 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCountry Information
View the documentEstimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS
View the documentHIV sentinel surveillance
View the documentMaps of HIV sentinel sites
View the documentReported AIDS cases
View the documentCurable sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
View the documentHealth service indicators
View the documentKnowledge and behaviour
View the documentSources
View the documentAnnex: HIV Surveillance data by site
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Health service indicators

HIV prevention strategies depend on the twin efforts of care and support for those living with HIV or AIDS, and targeted prevention for all people at risk or vulnerable to the infection. These efforts may range from reaching out to vulnerable communities through large-scale educational campaigns or interpersonal communication; provision of treatment for STIs; distribution of condoms and needles; creating and enabling environment to reduce risky behaviour; providing access to voluntary testing and counselling; home or institutional care for persons with symptomatic HIV infection; and preventing perinatal transmission and transmission through infected needles or blood in health care settings. It is difficult to capture such a large range of activities with one or just a few indicators. However, a set of well-established health care indicators - such as the percentage of a population with access to health care services; the percentage of women covered by antenatal care; or the percentage of immunized children - may help to identify general strengths and weaknesses of health systems. Specific indicators, such as access to testing and blood screening for HIV, help to measure the capacity of health services to respond to HIV/AIDS - related issues.

· Access to health care

Indicators

Year

Estimate

Source

% of population with access to health services - total:




% of population with access to health services - urban:




% of population with access to health services - rural:




Contraceptive prevalence rate (%):




% of births attended by trained health personnel:




% of 1-yr-old children fully immunized - DPT:

1995-1998

93

UNICEF

% of 1-yr-old children fully immunized - Polio:

1995-1998

93

UNICEF

% of 1-yr-old children fully immunized - Measles:

1995-1998

91

UNICEF

Proportion of blood donations tested:




% of ANC clinics where HIV testing is available:




HIV/AIDS Hospital Occupancy Rate (Days):




Male and female condoms are the only technology available that can prevent sexual transmission of HIV and other STIs. Persons exposing themselves to the risk of sexual transmission of HIV should have consistent access to high quality condoms. AIDS Programmes implement activities to increase both availability of and access to condoms. The two condom availability indicators below are intended to highlight areas of strength and weakness at the beginning and end of the distribution system so that programmatic resources can be directed appropriately to problem areas.

· Condom availability (central level)

Prevention Indicator 2: Availability of condoms in the country over the last 12 months (central level).

Year

Area

N

Rate









Comments:
Sources:

· Condom availability (peripheral level)

Prevention Indicator 3: Proportion of people who can acquire a condom (peripheral level).

Year

Area

N

Rate









Comments:
Sources: