|Better Farming Series 10. The Farm Business Survey (FAO Better Farming series, 1976, 38 p.)|
|Part 1 - Agriculture is a trade that must be learned|
During the first year we studied: plants, the soil and the tools for working the soil, animals.
A farmer uses plants, the earth, tools and animals to produce.
The farmer and those who work with him, the plants, the earth, the tools, and the animals, are all part of a whole which is called the farm business.
Each farmer in savanna country, each planter in forest country, uses different means to produce and to earn money.
These means are:
· his labour and the labour of
those with him,
· Iand - his fields or his plantations,
All that (the labour, animals, land, plants, tools) are the means of production of the farm business.
The farmer uses all these means of production to produce:
· vegetable products, such as millet, maize, yams, cassava, coffee, cocoa, oil palm fruits, cotton, groundnuts, okra, pimentoes, tomatoes, beans.
· animal products, such as beef, mutton, milk, butter, eggs.
In the second- year course there are nine booklets to study, and nine question papers to answer.
· Two booklets are obligatory, and should be studied by everyone. These are the first, on the farm business, and the last, on modern farming.
· The other seven booklets are optional.
Each student should choose out of the booklets prepared seven booklets on crops and animal husbandry.
He must choose at least two booklets on animal husbandry.
There are now four booklets on animal husbandry:
· Cattle breeding
· Sheep and goat breeding
· Keeping chickens
· Farming with animal power.
There are now 11 booklets on crops:
· Wet paddy or swamp rice
· Upland rice
· Cereals (millet, maize sorghum)
· Roots and tubers (cassava, yams, sweet potatoes, tania, taro)
· Market gardening
· The oil palm
· The rubber tree
If a student chooses two booklets on animal husbandry, he has to choose five booklets on crops. If a student chooses three booklets on animal husbandry, he has to choose four booklets on crops. If a student chooses four booklets on animal husbandry, he has to choose three booklets on crops.
Mamadou is a farmer in savanna country; he has cattle and sheep; he uses animal power for tilling. Mamadou chooses: three booklets on animal husbandry: cattle, sheep and goats, farming with animal power; four booklets on crops: cereals, roots and tubers, groundnuts, market gardening.