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close this bookLow-external Input Rice Production (IIRR)
close this folderSeeds/seedlings/transplanting
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentManaging traditional cultivars for optimum outputs
View the documentProducing rice seeds in a farmer's field
View the documentDetermination of rice seed quality
View the documentRice seed dormancy
View the documentRice seed collection and handling
View the documentCommon botanicals and other materials in rice seed protection during storage
View the documentOn-farm grain storage
View the documentClonal propagation: a method of seed multiplication
View the documentRaising seedlings by the wetbed method
View the documentThe dapog method of raising rice seedlings
View the documentLine markers for rice transplanting
View the documentStraight-row planting using the square and triple-row spacing
View the documentA manually operated rice transplanter
View the documentA drum seeder for direct seeding
View the documentInoculating rice seedlings with Azospirillum

Raising seedlings by the wetbed method


· Less seeds are required per unit area transplanted.
· Transplanting of seedlings can be delayed. Transplanting older seedlings shortens the crop's stay in the field, thereby reducing crop exposure to field risks.
· Gives the rice seedlings a headstart over the weeds after transplanting.


· It requires larger areas for the seedbed.
· Preparation of seedbed, care of seedlings and pulling of seedlings are laborious.
· Seeds are easily carried away by raindrops if heavy rain occurs shortly after sowing.


1. Locate an area near a water source which is exposed to full sunlight. A total of 350-500 sq.m of seedbed area is needed to grow enough seedlings to plant 1 hectare of rice paddy.

2. Prepare the seedbed 30-35 days before the scheduled time of transplanting. Plow and harrow the field thoroughly

Prepare the seedbed

3. Construct raised seedbeds -- 1.5 m wide, 4-5 cm high and of any convenient length.

Construct raised seedbeds

4. Sow the pregerminated seeds uniformly at 1 kg/10 sq.m.

Sow the pregerminated seeds

5. After 4 days, irrigate the seedbed about 23 cm deep end gradually increase the water level to 5 cm to control weeds and to make pulling of seedlings easier.

Irrigate the seedbed

6. If you observe nitrogen deficiency (yellowing of the lower leaves) broadcast 50-100 9 ammonium sulfate/sq.m or 2040 9 urea/sq.m of seedbed 10 days after sowing. Protect the seedlings from carabaos, rats and birds.

Protect the seedlings

7. The seedlings are ready for transplanting at the following days:

- 16 days for varieties which mature in 115 days
- 20 days for varieties which mature in 116-125 days
- 25 days for varieties which mature in 126 days or more

Increase the water depth to 10 cm the day before pulling the seedlings. When pulling, hold the seedlings close to the base to avoid injury. Wash the roots carefully and do not strike the seedlings against hard objects to remove the mud as this will shock them.

Increase the water depth to 10 cm