|Technical notes: Special Considerations for Programming in Unstable Situations (UNICEF, 2000, 490 p.)|
|Chapter 17: Managing Water Resources|
· Water is a basic human right and essential to sustaining life.
· Integrated assessment, planning and coordinated implementation to maximize synergies with key sectors such as sanitation, nutrition, health, shelter and education.
· Adaptive programming to response rapidly to changing needs and priorities over the course of the emergency.
· Cost-effective options (including technologies) be considered, for example give priority to essential repairs rather than full rehabilitation, or protecting of dug-wells rather than drilling of new boreholes.
· Health and hygiene education be promoted to prevent water-related diseases, lack of water and sanitation.
· Test and periodically monitor all water supplies (for drinking and cooking) to ensure safety for human consumption (chemical and bacterioligical analysis) and take preventative and/or corrective action where necessary.
· Water conservation measures be initiated and promoted from start of emergency.
· Periodic/continuous monitoring and surveillance to facilitate informed decision making and adaptive programming.
· Appropriate technologies and interventions to address the prevailing socio-cultural and gender needs and the local ecology.
· Local capacity building, including other critical levels (sub-national/national), to deliver and sustain water supply services.
· Participatory approaches to meet objectives, empower affected populations and promote their role in planning, implementing, managing and monitoring of services and activities.
· Strategic partnerships are developed to ensure holistic planning, complementarity, coordination and cooperation with government, partner UN agencies, NGOs and others.
· Emergency planning and implementation to link to long-term development.