|Technical notes: Special Considerations for Programming in Unstable Situations (UNICEF, 2000, 490 p.)|
|Chapter 13 - Annex 1: Juvenile Justice|
Main provisions of the following instruments on juvenile justice:
· United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of Their Liberty, 1990
· United Nations Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency, 1990 (Riyadh Guidelines)
· United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (Beijing Rules)
The principles set forth in the UN Standard Minimum Rules aim to promote juvenile welfare and social rehabilitation of the juvenile offender. A child in conflict with the law has the right to treatment that promotes the childs sense of dignity and worth, takes the childs age into account and aims at his or her reintegration into society. The child is entitled to basic guarantees as well as legal or other assistance for his or her defense. The placement of a juvenile in an institution should be avoided whenever possible and detention should be a measure of last resort and limited to exceptional cases.