Cover Image
close this bookTechnical notes: Special Considerations for Programming in Unstable Situations (UNICEF, 2000, 490 p.)
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 1. Protecting and Promoting Health
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 1 - Annex 1: Assuring Basic Health Care Services
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 1 - Annex 2: Immunization (Measles and other EPI Antigens)
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 1 - Annex 3: Diarrhoeal Disease Control
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 1 - Annex 4: Containing Outbreaks of Cholera, Dysentery and Typhoid
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 1 - Annex 5: Control of Acute Respiratory Infections
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 1 - Annex 6: Essential Drugs and Supplies
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 1 - Annex 7: Management, Control and Prevention of the Most Common Communicable Diseases
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 1 - Annex 8: Protecting Pregnancy in Emergencies
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 1 - Annex 9: Prevention and Treatment of STDs/HIV/AIDS
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 1 - Annex 10: Health Monitoring and Surveillance
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 2: Supporting Nutritional Needs
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 2 - Annex 1: Therapy for Severe Malnutrition
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 2 - Annex 2: Assessing Nutritional Status
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 2 - Annex 3: Assessing Household Food Security
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 2 - Annex 4: Infant Feeding in Emergencies: Policy, Strategy & Practice
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 2 - Annex 5: Malnutrition, Nutrient Requirements and Nutrient Sources
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 3: Ongoing Education
View the documentChapter 3 - Annex 1: Information Gathering and Needs Assessment
View the documentChapter 3 - Annex 2: Guidelines for Teacher Training
View the documentChapter 3 - Annex 3: Educational Kits (Edukits)
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 3 - Annex 4: Education for Peace and Conflict Resolution
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 4: Children Separated from Families
View the documentChapter 4 - Annex 1: Identification Photographs in Family Tracing
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 5 - Internally Displaced Children and Women
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 6: Anti-Personnel Landmines
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 6 - Annex 1: Landmine/UXO Awareness: Curriculum ContentFootnote
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 6 - Annex 2: Feasibility Study and Needs Assessment *
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 7: Protecting the Rights of the Child
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 7 - Annex 1: Evacuation of Children from Conflict Situations
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 8: Gender Issues
View the documentChapter 8 - Annex 1: Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) 18 December 1979 (extracts)
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 9: Early Childhood Development and Protection
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 9 - Annex 1: Violence and Young Children: Behavioural Consequences
View the documentChapter 9 - Annex 2: Therapeutic Language: Talking with Distressed Children
View the documentChapter 9 - Annex 3: The Healing Role of Play and Art
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 9 - Annex 4: Building Resilience: Implications for Programmes
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 10: Young People, with a Focus on AdolescentsFootnote 1
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 10 - Annex 1: Safe Places for Young People
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 11: Sexual Violence
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 12 - Child Combatants
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 13: Children in Detention
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 13 - Annex 1: Juvenile Justice
View the documentChapter 13 - Annex 2: Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, 1948 (extracts)
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 14: Protecting Psychosocial Development
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 14 - Annex 1: Copyright of Original Art/Writings Created by Children
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 15: The Impact of Sanctions
View the documentChapter 15 - Annex 1: Reducing the Negative Humanitarian Impact of Sanctions
View the documentChapter 16: Human Rights SITAN
View the documentChapter 16 - Annex 1: Institutionalising Human Rights
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 17: Managing Water Resources
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 17 - Annex 1: Distribution and Storage of Water
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 17 - Annex 2: Water Sources (Exploitation and Rehabilitation)
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 17 - Annex 3: Water Quality and Treatment
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 17 - Annex 4: Water Pumps, Pipes and Fittings
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 17 - Annex 5: Water and Sanitation in Urban Areas
View the documentChapter 17 - Annex 6: Water Assessment Checklistnote
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 18: Supporting Shelter and Domestic Needs
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 19: Developing Sanitation Systems & Approaches
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 19 - Annex 1: Types of Latrine
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 19 - Annex 2: Disposing of Excreta
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 19 - Annex 3: Environmental Sanitation
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 19 - Annex 4: Vector Control (Control of disease-carrying insects and rodents)
View the documentCharter of the United Nations

Chapter 15 - Annex 1: Reducing the Negative Humanitarian Impact of Sanctions

“Let me conclude by saying that the humanitarian situation in Iraq poses a serious moral dilemma for this Organization. The United Nations has always been on the side of the vulnerable and the weak and has always sought to relieve suffering. Yet here we are accused of causing suffering to an entire population.

“In deed, the Council should seek every opportunity to alleviate the suffering of the population. For after all, they are not the intended targets of sanctions.”

Secretary General Kofi Annan, 24 March 2000,
addressing the Security Council at its 4120th Meeting
to deliver his Report (S/2000/208) on the
situation between Iraq and Kuwait

“In the interests of children, sanctions should not be imposed without obligatory, immediate and enforceable humanitarian exemptions, along with mechanisms for monitoring their impact on children and other vulnerable groups. ... We believe that child-impact assessments are central to this and should be carried out before, during and after sanctions are imposed.”

Executive Director Carol Bellamy
addressing the Security Council
in February 1999

“I would recall Article 3 from the Convention of the Rights of the Child, which sets out that in all actions concerning children... the best interests of the child shall be a primary consideration... I urge that the protection of the rights of the Iraqi children and the primacy of their best interests be treated as a central principle in the on-going dialogue between the international community and Government of Iraq.”

Executive Director Carol Bellamy
addressing the Security Council
in October 1999

“The fact that basic humanitarian needs are being met through hand-outs does not contribute to stimulate the economy and has an indirect negative impact on agriculture, while increasing State control over a population.

“Foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals and medical supplies, as well as basic or standard medical and agricultural equipment and basic or standard educational items included in a list of exempted humanitarian supplies, pre-approved by the 661 Committee ... should be contracted and procured ... without any requirement for approval or notification to the 661 Committee.

“International organizations and NGOs should be encouraged to provide published materials of an educational character to Iraq. Greater access to the international media and to imported publications in general should be promoted. Additional measures aimed at reducing the isolation of Iraqi educators, health care providers, students and others should also be considered.

“The Government of Iraq should address effectively the needs of vulnerable groups in the Center/South, especially those of street children, the disabled, the elderly and the mentally ill, among others, and allow freer access to UN agencies and recognizably impartial and bona fide NGOSs from restricted areas and sections of populations for adequate evaluation of their nutritional and general humanitarian condition.”

Report of the Second Panel Established Pursuant
to the note by the President of the Security Council
of 30 January 1999 (S/1999/100),
Concerning the Current Humanitarian Situation in Iraq
(Annex II of S/1999/356)

“The potential long-term benefits of sanctions should be weighted against the immediate and long-term costs to children, including the collapse of health and education infrastructures, reduced economic opportunities and increased child labor in informal sectors, increased infant morbidity and mortality.

“When imposing measures under Article 41 of the Charter, the Security Council is urged to develop a coordinated and integrated approach to minimize unintended consequences on civilian populations, especially children, primarily through the establishment of effective, humanitarian exemptions. To this end, the Council could consider authorizing assessment missions to the targeted states and neighboring countries before sanctions are imposed, with the aim of assessing the likely unintended consequences of sanctions and proposing appropriate measures to minimize such consequences and effective monitoring measures.

“When adopting measures under Article 41 of the Charter, the Security Council is urged to reaffirm the responsibility of targeted States and armed groups to ensure the humanitarian protection of all those under their control, particularly children.”

Report of the Secretary General
on Children and Armed Conflict
(S/2000/712)