Cover Image
close this bookTechnical notes: Special Considerations for Programming in Unstable Situations (UNICEF, 2000, 490 p.)
close this folderChapter 17: Managing Water Resources
close this folderIdentifying Priorities
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentEstablishing a Baseline


· A child-focused needs assessment is paramount at the beginning of an emergency to ascertain their critical water (and sanitation and hygiene) requirements. But also to identity potential supporting factors within their families, local community and water supply services regarding skills and knowledge and other essential resources for providing and sustaining of services for the duration of the emergency. If regional differences exist, a single assessment may obscure critical geographic differences. A separate assessment for each affected area may be necessary and, if no reliable data exists, the use of limited sampling methodologies can provide key information quickly. See section ‘establishing a baseline’.

· Sources of information include local community and religious leaders, water sector specialists, health inspectorate/ministry, local NGO’s and other concerned institutions and agencies.

· Assessments should be done jointly, where possible, with other concerned organizations and should ensure linkages to other critical sector assessments such as sanitation, nutrition, health and shelter.