|Technical notes: Special Considerations for Programming in Unstable Situations (UNICEF, 2000, 490 p.)|
|Chapter 17: Managing Water Resources|
A baseline database should be established to facilitate strategic and appropriate decision-making regarding emergency priorities, strategies and to measure medium- to longer-term trends. This should be done, where possible, together with key stakeholders in the local community such as traditional and religious leaders, government extension workers in sanitation, health, the environment and their parent ministries, other concerned organizations and local institutions involved in sanitation and hygiene:
· Critical documentary information and analysis on water specific problems (technical, institutional, policies and capacities) to the sustaining of such services and activities.
· Assessment/analysis of knowledge, attitudes, practices and skills regarding water use and management, as well as keeping it safe from source to mouth;
· Assessment/analysis regarding the transmission routes and control measures of pertinent water borne diseases, as well as how these affect nutrition and health.
· Information on motivating factors regarding water source maintenance and resources management;
· Demographics of the affected area/s;
· Literacy level/s;
· Pertinent gender and cultural issues and roles;
· Information on pre-emergency self-help (or other) regarding water infrastructure and coping skills;
· Review of water point inventories and their status;
Assessment of the required technical resources, as well as local availability of expertise, to fully address water supply in the emergency.