|Technical notes: Special Considerations for Programming in Unstable Situations (UNICEF, 2000, 490 p.)|
|Chapter 17: Managing Water Resources|
An in-depth assessment of the water sector should provide emergency planners with essential information on issues related to:
· current amounts of water available to families or target population and essential health and community services;
· basic facts on family access to water sources/systems, their working condition, capacity, water quality, and time spent collecting water;
· key problems and facts on water-borne or -related diseases affecting the target population;
· estimates of how much water is required and how it is to be provided;
· populations, age groups, institutions with special water needs or that are at particular risk;
· institutional arrangements and sector policies for water;
· what resources are available, still needed and when they are needed;
· identification of essential and immediate actions to be taken and by whom.
In addition to the general methodological guidance provided in Book One, chapter 10, it is important to identify and use professionals from the affected population in assessment activities. It is common to find engineers, technicians, health workers, communications people, artisans, etc., especially among refugees and displaced populations.