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close this bookEducational Handbook for Health Personnel (WHO - OMS, 1998, 392 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentObjectives of the Handbook
View the documentPreface
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentFor whom is this Educational Handbook intended?
View the documentHow to use the Handbook
View the documentIdentification of your needs as an educator
View the documentList of educational objectives
View the documentTheoretical background that will help you reach the educational objectives of the workshop
View the documentRecapitulative table of exercises proposed in the Handbook
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 1: Priority health problems and educational objectives
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 2: Evaluation planning
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 3: The teaching-learning concept and programme construction
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 4: Test and measurement techniques
View the documentChapter 5: How to organize an educational workshop
View the documentChapter 6: Index and glossary
View the documentChapter 7: Bibliography
View the documentBack Cover

Chapter 7: Bibliography

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Bibliography

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The list of references has been kept intentionally short and is divided into the following categories:1

1. Health needs and resources, organization of health services, functions of health personnel and analysis of tasks.

2. Psychology of education, medical education and education in general.

3. Educational objectives.

4. Programme planning.

5. Teaching methods and techniques.

6. Evaluation, test and measurement.

1 Note, however, that many of these references concern several fields.

If you would like a more detailed and comprehensive list of references, you may apply to the WHO representative in your country, to the WHO Regional Office, or directly to:

Organization of Health Services Delivery
World Health Organization
1211 Geneva 27
Switzerland

1. Health needs and resources, organization of health services, functions of health personnel and analysis of tasks.

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An integrated concept of the public health services in the African Region. Brazzaville, WHO Regional Office for Africa, 1970 (AFRO Technical Papers, No. 2).

Bryant, J. (1969) Health and the developing world. Ithaca, NY; Cornell University Press.

Grundy, F. & Reinke, W.A. (1973) Health practice research and formalized managerial methods. Geneva, World Health Organization (Public Health Papers No. 51).

Hall, T.L. & Mejia, A. (1978) Health manpower planning: principles, methods, issues. Geneva, World Health Organization.

Hogarth, J. (1977) Glossary of health care terminology. Copenhagen, WHO Regional Office for Europe.

Hornby, P. et al. (1980) Guidelines for health manpower planning. Geneva, World Health Organization.

Hurst, J.W. & Walker, H.K., ed. (1972) The problem-oriented system. Baltimore, Medcom Press, Williams & Wilkins.

McIntyre, N. et al. (1976) The problem-oriented medical record and its educational implication, Dundee, Association for the Study of Medical Education (Med. Educ. Booklet No. 6).

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (1977) Health, higher education and the community: towards a regional health university. Paris, OECD, Centre for Educational Research and Innovation.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (1975) New directions in education for changing health care systems. Paris, OECD, Centre for Educational Research and Innovation.

Reinke, W.A., ed. (1972) Health planning: qualitative aspects and quantitative techniques. Baltimore, MD, Johns Hopkins University.

Sketchley, J. et al. (1986) Work improvement in health services. Geneva, World Health Organization, Division of Health Manpower Development and BLAT, Centre for Health and Medical Education, London.

Smith, R.A., ed. (1978) Manpower and primary health care: guidelines for improving/expanding health service coverage in developing countries. Honolulu, University Press of Hawaii.

Streiner, D.L. & Norman, G.R. (1989) Health measurement scales: a practical guide to their development and use. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Towards a philosophy of health work in the African Region. Brazzaville, WHO Regional Office for Africa, 1970 (AFRO Technical Papers, No. 1).

Weed, L.W. (1970) Medical records, medical education, and patient care: the problem-oriented record as a basic tool. Cleveland, OH, Case Western Reserve University Press.

White, K.L. (1989) The task of medicine. Menlo Park, CA, Henry J. Kaiser Foundation.

2. Psychology of education, medical education and education in general.

De Cecco, J.P. (1974) The psychology of learning and instruction: educational psychology. London, Prentice-Hall.

Ebel, R.L., ed. (1982) Encyclopedia of educational research. 5th ed., rev. Mitzell, H.E., London, Macmillan.

Gage, N.L., ed. (1963) Handbook of research on teaching. Chicago, Rand McNally.

Miller, G.E., ed. (1962) Teaching and learning in medical school. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press.

Rogers, C.R. (1969) Freedom to learn. Columbus, OH, Merrill.

3. Educational objectives

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Bloom, B.S., ed. (1956) Taxonomy of educational objectives. The classification of educational goals. Handbook I: cognitive domain. Handbook II: affective domain. New York, McKay.

Gronlund, N.E. (1970) Stating behavioural objectives for classroom instruction. London, Macmillan.

Mager, R.F. (1972) Goal analysis. Belmont, CA, Fearon.

Mager, R.F. (1973) Measuring instructional intent. Belmont, CA, Fearon.

Mager, R.F. (1962) Preparing instructional objectives. Palo Alto, CA, Fearon.

Working Party of the Royal College of General Practitioners (1972) The future general practitioner: learning and teaching. London, British Medical Journal.

4. Programme planning and evaluation

Allen, M. (1977) Evaluation of educational programmes in nursing. Geneva, World Health Organization.

Aspects of medical education in developing countries. Selected papers presented at the Second WHO Conference on Medical Education in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1972 (Public Health Papers No. 47).

Barrows, H.S. (1985) How to design a problem-based curriculum for the preclinical years. New York, Springer (Springer Series on Medical Education, Volume 8).

Bussigel, M. et al. (1988) Innovation processes in medical education. New York, Praeger.

Community-based education of health personnel: report of a WHO Study Group. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1987 (Technical Report Series No. 746).

Development of educational programmes for the health professions. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1973 (Public Health Papers No. 52).

Freeman, J. & Byrne, P.S. (1973) The assessment of postgraduate training in general practice. London, Society for Research into Higher Education.

Glick, S. et al., ed. (1987) The Beer Sheva experiment: an interim assessment. Israel journal of medical sciences, 23 (9-10).

Kantrowitz, M. et al. (1987) Innovative tracks at established institutions for the education of health personnel. Geneva, World Health Organization (WHO Offset Publication No. 101).

Katz, F.M. & Fülöp, T. (1978, 1980) Personnel for health care: case studies of educational programmes. Vols. I and II. Geneva, World Health Organization (Public Health Papers Nos. 70 and 71).

Katz, F.M. (1978) Guidelines for evaluating a training programme for health personnel. Geneva, World Health Organization (WHO Offset Publication No. 38).

Kaufman, A. (1985) Implementing problem-based medical education. New York, Springer.

Learning together to work together for health: report of a WHO Study Group on Multiprofessional Education of Health Personnel: the Team Approach. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1988 (Technical Report Series No. 769).

McGaghie, W.C. et al. (1978) Competency based curriculum development in medical education: an introduction. Geneva, World Health Organization (Public Health Papers No. 68).

Mager, R.F. (1967) Developing vocational instruction. Belmont, CA, Fearon.

Miller, G.E. & Fülöp, T, ed. (1974) Educational strategies for the health professions. Geneva, World Health Organization (Public Health Papers No. 61).

Morris, L.L. (1978) Programme evaluation kit. London, Sage Publications.

Nooman, Z.M. et al., ed. (1990) Innovation in medical education: an evaluation of its present status. New York, Springer Publishing Company.

Richards, R. & Fülöp, T. (1987) Innovative schools for health personnel. Geneva, World Health Organization (Offset Publication No. 102).

Romiszowski, A.J. (1970) A systems approach to education and training. London, Kogan Page.

Romiszowski, A.J. (1981) Designing instructional systems: decision-making in course planning and curriculum design. London, Kogan Page.

Romiszowski, A.J. (1984) Producing instructional systems: lesson planning for individualized and group learning activities. London, Kogan Page.

Segall, A.J. et al. (1975) Systematic course design. New York, John Wiley & Sons.

Systematic course design. Harvard School of Public Health, John Wiley & Sons, 1976.

Tyler, R.W. (1970) Basic principles of curriculum and instruction. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.

The planning of medical education programmes: report of a WHO Expert Committee. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1974 (Technical Report Series No. 547).

The planning of schools of medicine: report of a WHO Study Group. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1975 (Technical Report Series No. 566).

5. Teaching methods and techniques

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An introductory course in teaching and training methods for management development. Geneva, International Labour Office, 1974.

Bland, C.J. (1980) Faculty development through workshops. Springfield, Illinois, Charles C. Thomas.

Bligh, D.A. (1972) What's the use of lectures? 3rd ed. Harmondsworth, UK, Penguin Books.

Chastonay, P. et al. (1992) L'arbre des concepts. MEDUCS.

De Grave. W.S. et al. (1985) Tutorials in problem-based learning. 2 volumes. Maastricht, Netherlands, Rijksuniversitet Limburg.

Espish, J.E. & Williams, B. (1967) Developing programmed instructional materials: a handbook for program writers. Belmont, CA, Fearon.

Ewan, C.E. (1982) Teaching skills development manual: a guide for teachers of health workers. I. Deciding what to teach. Geneva, World Health Organization.

Gowin, D.B. & Novak, J. (1984) Learning how to learn. New York, Cambridge University Press.

Glaser, R., ed. (1965) Teaching machines and programmed learning. II: Data and directions. Washington, DC, National Education Association of the United States.

Group techniques in education. Paris, UNESCO, 1977 (Educational Series and Documents, No. 24).

Johnson, S.R. & Johnson, R.B. (1970) Developing individualised instructional material. A self-instructional material in itself. Palo Alto, CA, Westinghouse Learning Press.

Lee, P.V. & Bamberger, J.W. (1964) Multi-discipline student laboratories: University of Southern California School of Medicine. Journal of medical education, 39(9): 846-856.

Lowe, C.R. & Kostrzewski, J., ed. (1973) Epidemiology: a guide to teaching methods. Edited for the International Epidemiological Association, in collaboration with the World Health Organization. Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone.

Majoor, G.D. & Schmidt, H. (1990) Construction of problems for problem-based learning. In: Nooman, Z.M., Schmidt, H.G. & Ezzat E.S. ed., Innovation in medical education. New York, Springer, pp. 114-123.

Newble, D. & Cannon, R (1987). A handbook for clinical teachers. 2nd ed. Lancaster, MTP Press.

Schmidt H. (1990) The rationale behind problem-based learning. In: Schmidt, H. et al., ed., New directions for medical education: Problem-based learning and community-oriented medical education. New York, Springer, pp. 105-111.

Stoward, P.J. (1976) Self-instruction through reading: the Keller Plan. Dundee, Association for the Study of Medical Education (Med. Educ. Booklet No. 7).

6. Evaluation of students, test and measurement

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Charvat, J. et al. (1968) A review of the nature and uses of examinations in medical education. Geneva, World Health Organization (Public Health Papers No. 36).

Downie, N.M. (1967) Fundamentals of measurement: techniques and practices. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Edwards, A.L. (1957) Techniques of attitude scale construction. New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts.

Gilbert, J.A.L., ed. (1971) Evaluation in, medical education. Edmonton, Alberta, University of Alberta.

Guba, E.G. & Lincoln, Y. (1989) Fourth generation evaluation. Sage Publications.

Harden, R.M. (1979) Assessment of medical competence using objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE). Dundee, Association for the Study of Medical Education (Med. Educ. Booklet No. 8).

Katz, F.M. & Snow, R. (1980) Assessing health workers' performance: a manual for training and supervision. Geneva, World Health Organization (Public Health Papers No. 72).

McGuire, C.H. et al. (1976) Construction and use of written simulations. New York, The Psychological Corporation.

McGuire, C.H. & Solomon, L.M., ed. (1971) Clinical simulations: selected problems in patient management. New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts.

Neufeld, V.R. & Norman, G.R., ed. (1984) Assessing clinical competence. New York, Springer (Springer Series on Medical Education, Volume 7).

Rezler, A.G. & Flaherty, J.A. (1985) The interpersonal dimension in medical education. New York, Springer (Springer Series on Medical Education, Volume 9).

Siegel, S. (1956) Non-parametric statistics for the behavioural sciences. New York, McGraw-Hill.

The evaluation of achievement. Paris, UNESCO, 1972 (Bulletin of the International Bureau of Education, No. 184).

Thorndike, R.L., ed. (1971) Educational measurement. 2nd ed., Washington, DC, American Council on Education.

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