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close this bookWater Manual for Refugee Situations (UNHCR, 1992, 160 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentDrinking water
View the document1. Introduction
Open this folder and view contents2. Assessment and organization
Open this folder and view contents3. The need
Open this folder and view contents4. Immediate response during emergencies
Open this folder and view contents5. Refugee water supply systems
Open this folder and view contents6. Water sources, their protection and development
Open this folder and view contents7. Pumping equipment
Open this folder and view contents8. Water treatment
Open this folder and view contents9. Water storage
Open this folder and view contents10. Water distribution systems
Open this folder and view contents11. Operation and maintenance of water supply systems
Open this folder and view contents12. Management of emergency water supply systems
View the documentAnnex A - Refugee water supply inventory forms
View the documentAnnex B - Approximate daily water requirements in refugee emergency situations
View the documentAnnex C - Guidelines on water quality
View the documentAnnex D - Recommended format for technical specifications for water well construction

Annex A - Refugee water supply inventory forms

REFUGEE WATER SUPPLY INVENTORY FORM

Date:..../..../....

Country:................................................................ Camp:...........................................

Location:.............................., ................................, ...................................................

State/province

District

Locality

Source Name:................................

Sketch Location Map

Drafted by:................................... Scale:

Present Use:


Unused

Unprotected

Abandoned

Protected

Other (specify):................................

Observations:..........................................

Location by Coordinates:

Latitude:
Longitude:
Elevation (metres above sea level):

Measurement device:


Altimeter


Theodolite

Estimate

Other (specify)

TYPE OF SOURCE:


Surface water


Groundwater


Other (specify):


Lake


Spring

.........................................


Pond


Sump


Swamp


Dug well


River


Tube well


Creek


Infiltration Gallery


Other (specify):.................


Other (specify):.................

DESCRIPTION OF EXISTING WATER SUPPLY AND WATER USE (actual or potential) of this source within the system: (use additional pages, if required)............................................................

REFUGEE WATER SUPPLY
Source:...........................................................
INVENTORY FORM

Date:..../..../.... Camp:.......................................... Identification (name or number)..............................

Elevation (metres above sea level)...............

Description of source:

Type........................

Type of water catchment structures (if any) (include drawings, sketches, etc. as annexes):...................

Description of existing water supply and water use (actual or potential) of this source within the system:..................

Water quality and quantity:

Description of general conditions and factors affecting water quality and quantity.
Include, as annexes, laboratory or field records on quality tests and a summary of volumes/yields measurements with significance for productivity and reserve calculations:..................

REFUGEE WATER SUPPLY SURFACE WATER SOURCES INVENTORY FORM

Date:..../..../.. Source name:.................
Camp:........... Elevation (metres above sea level)............................
Type:..........................

YIELD ASSESSMENT CHART

Measurement Number

Date

Flow Measurement (Litres per Second)

Measuring Device

Performed by

1





2





3





4





5





6





WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT CHART*

Analysis Number

Date

Physical Characteristics (specify units of measure)

Chemical Characteristics (milligrammes per litre)



Colour

Odour

Turbidity

Suspd Solids

pH

Elec. Conduct

Alkalinity

Total Hardn

-
HCO3

-2
CO3

-
Cl

-2
SO4

-
NO3

-
F

+2
Ca

+2
Mg

+
Na

+
K

+3
Fe
















F






Description of potential or present use (include possibilities and constraints for further development): ...................................................................

Include, as annexes, all laboratory or field analysis reports, including bacteriological data.

REFUGEE WATER SUPPLY SPRING WATER SOURCE INVENTORY FORM

Date:..../..../.. Spring name:..................
Camp:........... Elevation (metres above sea level):...........................
Type:..............................

YIELD ASSESSMENT CHART

Measurement Number

Date

Flow Measurement (Litres per Second)

Measuring Device

Performed by

1





2





3





4





5





6





WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT CHART*

Analysis Number

Date

Physical Characteristics (specify units of measure)

Chemical Characteristics (milligrammes per litre)



Colour

Odour

Turbidity

Suspd Solids

pH

Elec. Conduct

Alkalinity

Total Hardn

-
HCO3

-2
CO3

-
Cl

-2
SO4

-
NO3

-
F

+2
Ca

+2
Mg

+
Na

+
K

+3
Fe
















F






Hydrogeological setting (include a hydrogeological sketch, if possible, as an annex): .................................

Description of potential or present use (include possibilities and constraints for further development: .............................................

Include, as annexes, all laboratory or field analysis reports, including bacteriological data.

REFUGEE WATER SUPPLY LARGE DIAMETER WELL SOURCE INVENTORY FORM

Date:..../..../.... Camp:..............................
Well number:......................
Well name:.......................
Construction Date:.../..../....
Elevation (metres above sea level)............................
Constructor:.........................

WELL LOG

Depth (metres)

Geological Log (graphic)

Design Log (graphic)

Geolog. Log Descriptive

Design Log Descriptive

Pumping Tests*






Type:


constant yield

step drawdown

other (specify).............
Date:..../..../...
Static water level:........
Rate of extraction:............
Duration:...............
Flow measurement device:......
Level measurement device:......
Reference point for measurement (datum): ..........
Dynamic water level:...........
Specific capacity:...........
Safe yield:......................
Other observations..............

* Pumping test measurements must be included as annexes.

Description of casing and filter elements:.....................

Description of well head design (including apron, sanitary seals, drains):.......................

Observations:.....................................................................................

Pumping test measurements should be included as annexes.

REFUGEE WATER SUPPLY BOREHOLE SOURCE INVENTORY FORM

Date:..../..../.... Camp:.......................................... Borehole number:.............
Borehole name:....................
Drilling Date:..../..../....
Elevation (metres above sea level)...................
Driller:................................. Rig/drilling technique:.............

BOREHOLE LOG

Depth (m) graphic

Geological Log (graphic)

Design Log (graphic)

Geolog. Log Descriptive

Design Log Descriptive

Pumping Tests*






Step drawdown:
Date:..../..../....
Static water level:.............
Number of steps:.............
Pumping rates:...................
Constant yield:
Date:.../..../....
Static water level:.................
Observation wells:**...............
Rate of extraction (l/sec);........
Duration:......................
Flow measurement device:......
Level measurement device:......
Dynamic water level:............
Specific capacity (I/sec per metre drawdown):.................
Storage coefficient/Specific yield:.....................
Transmissibility:...............
Safe yield:............................
Observations:***...................

* Pumping test measurements must be included as annexes.

** If measurements made in observation wells, add location maps, design log, pumping test data and any other relevant information as annex.

*** Laboratory or field water quality analysis reports should be added as annexes.

Description of casing: diameters:..................................................... Material:...............

Description of screens: diameters:................................................... Material:...............

Slot openings:..........................................................................................

Description of gravel pack:.......................................................................................................

Description of well head design (include description of apron and sanitary seal):...................

Observations:.............................................................................................................................

REFUGEE WATER SUPPLY BOREHOLE SOURCE INVENTORY FORM

Borehole Number:....................
Elevation (metres above sea level)..................................
Camp:......................................

STATIC WATER LEVELS RECORD

Date

Measurement Device

Reference Point

S.W.L.

Date

Measurement Device

Reference Point

S.W.L.

Date

Measurement Device

Reference Point

S.W.L.

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PHYSICO-CHEMICAL WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT CHART*

Analysis Number

Date

Physical Characteristics (specify units of measure)

Chemical Characteristics (milligrammes per litre)



Colour

Odour

Turbidity

Suspd Solids

pH

Elec. Conduct

Alkalinity

Total Hardn

-
HCO3

-2
CO3

-
Cl

-2
SO4

-
NO3

-
F

+2
Ca

+2
Mg

+
Na

+
K

+3
Fe

1

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2

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3

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4

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3

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6

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9

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10

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BACTERIOLOGICAL WATER QUALITY CHART

Analysis Number

Date

Total Coliforms MPN/100 ml

Escherichia Coli MPN/100 ml

Analysis Number

Date

Total Coliforms MPN/100 ml

Escherichia Coli MPN/100 ml

Analysis Number

Date

Total Coliforms MPN/100 ml

Escherichia Coli MPN/100 ml

1

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2

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3

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4

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5

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6

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7

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8

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9

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10

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