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close this bookTechnical notes: Special Considerations for Programming in Unstable Situations (UNICEF, 2000, 490 p.)
close this folderChapter 17: Managing Water Resources
View the documentForenote
View the documentRationale
View the documentGeneral Aim
View the documentBasic Principles
Open this folder and view contentsIdentifying Priorities
Open this folder and view contentsStrategies
Open this folder and view contentsField-Level Actions and Strategies
View the documentAssessing Water Needs
Open this folder and view contentsAssessment Guidelines
View the documentFurther Guidance (Essential References)

Basic Principles

· Water is a basic human right and essential to sustaining life.

· Integrated assessment, planning and coordinated implementation to maximize synergies with key sectors such as sanitation, nutrition, health, shelter and education.

· Adaptive programming to response rapidly to changing needs and priorities over the course of the emergency.

· Cost-effective options (including technologies) be considered, for example give priority to essential repairs rather than full rehabilitation, or protecting of dug-wells rather than drilling of new boreholes.

· Health and hygiene education be promoted to prevent water-related diseases, lack of water and sanitation.

· Test and periodically monitor all water supplies (for drinking and cooking) to ensure safety for human consumption (chemical and bacterioligical analysis) and take preventative and/or corrective action where necessary.

· Water conservation measures be initiated and promoted from start of emergency.

· Periodic/continuous monitoring and surveillance to facilitate informed decision making and adaptive programming.

· Appropriate technologies and interventions to address the prevailing socio-cultural and gender needs and the local ecology.

· Local capacity building, including other critical levels (sub-national/national), to deliver and sustain water supply services.

· Participatory approaches to meet objectives, empower affected populations and promote their role in planning, implementing, managing and monitoring of services and activities.

· Strategic partnerships are developed to ensure holistic planning, complementarity, coordination and cooperation with government, partner UN agencies, NGO’s and others.

· Emergency planning and implementation to link to long-term development.