|Learning about Natural Disasters - Games and projects for you and your friends (IDNDR-DIRDN)|
Nature is a source of life
Nature around us is a source of life. The sun makes flowers and trees grow. Soil along a river, or at the base of volcanoes, is fertile and good for crops. But too much sun or rain is bad for plants, and floods or volcano eruptions can destroy whole towns.
Earthquakes, floods, fires, volcanic eruptions, tropical storms, landslides, drought and pest attacks are part of nature, like sun and rain. These events affect almost every part of the earth. Long ago, people only had folk tales to explain these events. Today, science and history help us understand more about them. But we still have natural disasters.
What is a natural disaster?
A natural disaster occurs when three things happen at the came time
· An extreme natural event occurs...
· at a place where many people live...
· and people are surprised by the event, because its effects are sudden or big.
Extreme natural events may cause disasters. But some events that seem "natural" are caused by people. Too much or too little rain may cause floods or drought. But floods and drought can also happen because we don't take proper care of the earth. If too many people take too much water, or cut trees faster than nature can replace them, the soil becomes poor and hard, and won't absorb water properly.
If we destroy parts of nature like coral reefs, forests or fragile mountain plants, we take away natural barriers that protect us from tsunamis, drought, landslides or other events.
Don't be scared, be prepared.
As you can see, nature affects people, and people affect nature. This means that safety is not just luck. You can reduce the effects of: disasters, if you are aware, you share and you prepare.
Be aware - Know your area's history. Ask your family and friends if they experienced disasters. Learn about weather patterns, movements within the earth, and how we affect the environment.
Share - Use drawings, school events, even newspapers, radio or tv to tell your community what you learn.
Prepare - Find out what warning announcements mean. Find safe places to go. Do drills. Make a survival kit...