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close this bookPhysical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry - Report of a WHO Expert Committee (WHO - OMS, 1995, 460 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentWHO Expert Committee on Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry
View the documentAbbreviations
Open this folder and view contents1. Introduction
Open this folder and view contents2. Technical framework
Open this folder and view contents3. Pregnant and lactating women
Open this folder and view contents4. The newborn infant
Open this folder and view contents5. Infants and children
Open this folder and view contents6. Adolescents
Open this folder and view contents7. Overweight adults
Open this folder and view contents8. Thin adults
Open this folder and view contents9. Adults 60 years of age and older
Open this folder and view contents10. Overall recommendations
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentAnnex 1 - Glossary of terms and abbreviations
View the documentAnnex 2 - Recommended measurement protocols and derivation of indices
View the documentAnnex 3 - Recommended reference data
View the documentSelected WHO publications of related interest
View the documentBack cover

Acknowledgements

Special acknowledgement was made by the Committee to Dr M. de Onis, Nutrition, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland; Dr J.-P. Habicht, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA; Dr J.H. Himes, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA; Dr J.C. Seidell, National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection, Bilthoven, Netherlands; and Dr C.G. Victora, University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil, who were instrumental in the preparation and proceedings of the meeting.

Particular thanks were expressed for the extensive contributions made by the following people:

Dr K.V. Bailey, Nutrition, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Dr B.R. Bistrian, Division of Clinical Nutrition, New England Deaconess Hospital, Boston, MA, USA; Dr N. Butte, Department of Pediatrics, Children’s Nutrition Research Center, Houston, TX, USA; Dr K. Dewey, Program in International Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA, USA; Dr E. Frongillo, Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA; Dr W.P.T. James, Rowett Research Institute, Aberdeen, Scotland; Dr A. Kelly, Department of Community Health, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland; Dr L. Launer, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Erasmus University Medical School, Rotterdam, Netherlands; Dr G.C.N. Mascie-Taylor, Department of Biological Anthropology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England; Dr N. Norgan, Department of Human Sciences, University of Technology, Loughborough, England; Dr D. Pelletier, Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA: Dr K. Rasmussen, Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell, NY, USA; Dr P. Shetty, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England.

The Committee also acknowledged with thanks the valuable contributions made to its work by the following institutions and persons:

The Concerted Action on Nutrition and Health of the European Community (EURONUT); University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria; Department of Cooperation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Rome, Italy; National Institute of Nutrition, Rome, Italy; Wageningen Agricultural University, Wageningen, Netherlands; Ramón Areces Foundation, Madrid, Spain; Ministry of Health, Madrid Spain; Medical School, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA; Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA; Fogarty International Center, Bethesda, MD, USA; International Center for Research on Women, Washington, DC, USA; National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA; School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA; United Nations Children’s Fund, New York, USA; United States Agency for International Development, Washington, DC, USA; Wellstart International, San Diego, CA, USA.

Dr T. Achard, Paediatrician, Neuchâtel, Switzerland; Dr R.K. Anand, Professor of Pediatrics, TN Medical College, Bombay, India; Dr M.A. Anderson, Office of Health, United States Agency for International Development, Washington, DC, USA; Dr R. Andres, Gerontology Research Center, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD, USA; Dr T. Arbuckle, Laboratory Centre for Disease Control, Health and Welfare Canada, Ottawa, Canada; Professor S. Baba, Hyogo Institute for Research in Adult Diseases, Akashi, Japan; Dr C. Barba, Institute of Human Nutrition and Food, College of Human Ecology, Laguna, Philippines; Dr R. Baumgartner, Clinical Nutrition Research Laboratory, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, NM, USA; Dr C. Beall, Department of Anthropology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA; Dr. G. Beaton, Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto. Canada: Dr J.G. Bezerra Alves, Maternal and Child Institute of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil; Dr R. Bhatia, Programme and Technical Support Section, United Nations High Commission for Refugees, Geneva, Switzerland: Dr G. Blackburn, Nutrition/Metabolism Laboratory, New England Deaconness Hospital, Boston, MA, USA; Dr M. Bloem, Helen Keller, International, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Dr G. Bray, Department of Medicine, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA; Dr K. Brown, Program in International Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA, USA; Dr C. Brownie, Department of Statistics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA; Dr S. Burger, Helen Keller International, New York, NY, USA; Dr R. Buzina, Nutrition, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland: Dr N. Cameron, Department of Anatomy, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; Dr C. Chumlea, Division of Human Biology, Wright State University, Yellow Springs, OH, USA; Dr T. Cole, Dunn Nutrition Centre, Cambridge, England: Dr M. Dawes, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Oxford, Oxford, England; Professor J.-P. Despres, Physical Activity Sciences Laboratory, Laval University, Quebec, Canada; Dr P. Deurenberg, Department of Human Nutrition, Agricultural University, Wageningen, Netherlands; Dr S. Diaz, Department of Physiology and Embryology, Catholic University of Chile, Santiago, Chile; Dr A. Dugdale, Human Nutrition Research Group, University of Queensland, Herston, Australia; Dr J.V.G.A. Durnin, Institute of Physiology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland; Dr N. Dusitsin, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand; Dr J. Dwyer, Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA; Dr O. Eiben, Department of Anthropology, Eotvos Lorand University, Budapest, Hungary; Dr F. Falkner, Maternal and Child Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA; Ms B. J. Ferguson, Adolescent Health, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Dr H. Friedman, Adolescent Health, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Dr E. Gladen, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park. NC, USA; Dr R. Goldenberg, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, USA; Dr T. Greiner, International Child Health Unit, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden; Dr R. Gross, Community Nutrition Training Programme, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia; Dr R. Guidotti, Maternal and Child Health and Family Planning, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Dr T. Harris. National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA; Dr F. Haschke, Salzburg Federal Hospital Children’s Clinic. Salzburg, Austria; Dr J. Hautvast, Department of Human Nutrition, Agricultural University, Wageningen, Netherlands; Dr M. Hediger, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Camden, NJ, USA; Dr S. Heymsfield, Department of Medicine, Columbia University School of Medicine. New York, NY, USA; Dr E. Jéquier, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Physiology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland; Dr U. Jonsson, Nutrition Section. United Nations Children’s Fund, New York, NY, USA: Dr J. Karlberg, Department of Paediatrics, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong; Dr W. Keller, formerly of Nutrition, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Dr Keyou Ge, Institute of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine, Beijing, China; Dr N. Krebs, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver. CO, USA; Professor R.A. Kronmal, Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Washington, DC, USA: Dr S. Kumanyika, Center for Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Hershey, PA, USA: Dr R. Kumar, Department of Paediatrics, M.L.B. Medical College, Jhansi, India; Dr K. Kurz, International Center for Research on Women, Washington, DC, USA: Dr J. Kusin, Department of Health and Disease Control, Royal Tropical Institute, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Dr T. Kwok, Department of Medicine for the Elderly, Crawley Hospital, Crawley, England; Dr R. Largo, Growth and Development Centre, University Children’s Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland: Dr S. Lederman, Center for Population and Family Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA; Dr F. Mardones, World Bank, Washington, DC, USA; Dr J. Martinez, Programme for Control of Diarrhoeal Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Dr R Martorell, Center for International Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA; Dr J. Mason, Administrative Committee on Coordination, Subcommittee on Nutrition, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Dr M. Mazariegos, CESSIAM, Ear and Eye Hospital, Guatemala City, Guatemala; Dr K. Michaelsen, Research Department of Human Nutrition, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Copenhagen, Denmark; Dr M. Micozzi, Department of Defense, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC, USA; Dr C. Monteiro, Department of Nutrition, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; Dr C. O’Gara, Expanded Promotion of Breastfeeding Program, Wellstart, Washington, DC, USA; Dr A. Paul, Dunn Nutrition Centre, Cambridge, England; Dr J. Pearson, Gerontology Research Center, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD, USA; Ms J. Peerson, Program in International Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA, USA; Dr L.A. Persson, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Umea University, Umea, Sweden; Dr S. Petersen, Department of Neonatology, State University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark; Dr F.X. Pi-Sunyer, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition, St Luke’s Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY, USA; Dr C. Plato, Gerontology Research Center, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD, USA; Dr G. Powell, Tropical Metabolic Research Unit, University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica; Dr R.J. Prineas, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA; Dr L. Proos, Department of Paediatrics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Dr J. Rivera, National Institute of Public Health, Morelos, Mexico; Dr A. Roche, Division of Human Biology, Wright State University, Yellow Springs, OH, USA; Dr W. Rogan, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA; Dr M.-F. Rolland-Cachera, Institut Scientifique et Technique de la Nutrition et de l’Alimentation (INSERM), Paris, France; Dr I. Rosenberg, Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA; Dr R. Roubenoff, Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA; Dr L. Salmenpera, Jorvi Hospital, Espoo, Finland; Dr D. Sanders, Public Health Programme, University of the Western Cape, Belleville, South Africa; Dr F. Savage-King, Programme for Control of Diarrhoeal Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Dr K. Scanlon, Division of Nutrition, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA; Dr T. Scholl, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey Camden, NJ, USA; Dr P.M. Shah, Maternal and Child Health and Family Planning, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; Dr R. Shephard, School of Physical and Health Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Dr N. Solomons, CESSIAM, Eye and Ear Hospital, Guatemala City, Guatemala; Dr E. Sommerfelt, Demographic and Health Surveys, Macro International, Columbia, MD, USA; Dr A. Sorenson, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA; Dr A, Stunkard, Obesity Research Group, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA; Dr K. Sullivan, Center for International Health, Emory University School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA, USA; Dr A. Svanborg, Clinical Science, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA; Dr M. Tayback, Center on Aging, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA; Dr S. Thorslund, Department of Medicine, Finspang Hospital, Finspang, Sweden; Dr J. Tobin, Gerontology Research Center, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD, USA; Dr A. Tomkins, Institute of Child Health, University of London, London, England; Dr R. Trowbridge, Division of Nutrition, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA. Dr E. Urbankova, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty Hospital, Martin, Slovakia; Dr J. Van den Broeck, Centre for Human Genetics, Louvain, Belgium; Dr W. van Staveren, Department of Human Nutrition, Agricultural University, Wageningen, Netherlands; Dr M.A. van’t Hof, Department of Medical Statistics, Catholic University, Nijmegen, Netherlands; Dr B. Vellas, Centre for Geriatric Medicine, Toulouse, France; Dr R. Wallace, Department of Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA; Dr J. Waterlow, Emeritus Professor of Human Nutrition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England; Dr R. Whitehead, Dunn Nutrition Centre, Cambridge, England; Dr W. Willett, Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA; Professor D.F. Williamson, Division of Nutrition, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA, USA; Dr P. Winichagoon, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand; Dr D.L. Yeung, Corporate Nutrition, Heinz Company of Canada Ltd, North York, Ontario, Canada; Dr Zamzam Al-Mousa, Nutrition Unit, Department of Public Health, Al-Shaab, Kuwait; Professor P. Zimmet, International Diabetes Institute, Caulfield, Victoria, Australia.

The Committee expressed special appreciation to Mrs Julie Johnston and Ms Monika Blössner for their valuable contributions to the preparation and running of the meeting.