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close this bookPhysical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry - Report of a WHO Expert Committee (WHO - OMS, 1995, 460 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentWHO Expert Committee on Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry
View the documentAbbreviations
Open this folder and view contents1. Introduction
Open this folder and view contents2. Technical framework
Open this folder and view contents3. Pregnant and lactating women
Open this folder and view contents4. The newborn infant
Open this folder and view contents5. Infants and children
Open this folder and view contents6. Adolescents
Open this folder and view contents7. Overweight adults
Open this folder and view contents8. Thin adults
Open this folder and view contents9. Adults 60 years of age and older
Open this folder and view contents10. Overall recommendations
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentAnnex 1 - Glossary of terms and abbreviations
View the documentAnnex 2 - Recommended measurement protocols and derivation of indices
View the documentAnnex 3 - Recommended reference data
View the documentSelected WHO publications of related interest
View the documentBack cover

Annex 3 - Recommended reference data

This annex contains tables of reference data, recommended by the Expert Committee, that have not been widely distributed by WHO previously. The NCHS/WHO reference data for the weight and height of children have been previously published by WHO (1), and have also been distributed separately as the annex to that publication. Individual sections of the report concerning age and physical status groups should be consulted for rationales, recommended cut-offs, and interpretation of the reference data.

Table A3.1
Mid-upper arm circumference (cm): combined sexes, 6-60 monthsa

Age
(months)

-3 SD

-2 SD

-1 SD

Median

+1 SD

+2 SD

+3 SD

6

10.9

12.0

13.2

14.3

15.5

16.7

17.8

7

11.0

12.2

13.4

14.6

15.7

16.9

18.1

8

11.2

12.4

13.6

14.8

16.0

17.2

18.3

9

11.3

12.5

13.7

14.9

16.2

17.4

18.6

10

11.5

12.7

13.9

15.1

16.3

17.5

18.8

11

11.6

12.8

14.0

15.2

16.5

17.7

18.9

12

11.7

12.9

14.1

15.4

16.6

17.9

19.1

13

11.7

13.0

14.2

15.5

16.7

18.0

19.2

14

11.8

13.1

14.3

15.6

16.8

18.1

19.4

15

11.9

13.1

14.4

15.7

16.9

18.2

19.5

16

11.9

13.2

14.5

15.8

17.0

18.3

19.6

17

12.0

13.2

14.5

15.8

17.1

18.4

19.7

18

12.0

13.3

14.6

15.9

17.2

18.5

19.8

19

12.0

13.3

14.6

15.9

17.2

18.5

19.8

20

12.1

13.4

14.7

16.0

17.3

18.6

19.9

21

12.1

13.4

14.7

16.0

17.3

18.7

20.0

22

12.1

13.4

14.7

16.1

17.4

18.7

20.0

23

12.1

13.4

14.8

16.1

17.4

18.8

20.1

24

12.1

13.5

14.8

16.1

17.5

18.8

20.1

25

12.2

13.5

14.8

16.2

17.5

18.8

20.2

26

12.2

13.5

14.9

16.2

17.5

18.9

20.2

27

12.2

13.5

14.9

16.2

17.6

18.9

20.3

28

12.2

13.5

14.9

16.3

17.6

19.0

20.3

29

12.2

13.6

14.9

16.3

17.6

19.0

20.4

30

12.2

13.6

14.9

16.3

17.7

19.0

20.4

31

12.2

13.6

15.0

16.3

17.7

19.1

20.4

32

12.2

13.6

15.0

16.4

17.7

19.1

20.5

33

12.3

13.6

15.0

16.4

17.8

19.1

20.5

34

12.3

13.7

15.0

16.4

17.8

19.2

20.6

35

12.3

13.7

15.1

16.4

17.8

19.2

20.6

36

12.3

13.7

15.1

16.5

17.9

19.3

20.6

37

12.3

13.7

15.1

16.5

17.9

19.3

20.7

38

12.3

13.7

15.1

16.5

17.9

19.3

20.7

39

12.4

13.8

15.2

16.6

18.0

19.4

20.8

40

12.4

13.8

15.2

16.6

18.0

19.4

20.8

41

12.4

13.8

15.2

16.6

18.1

19.5

20.9

42

12.4

13.8

15.3

16.7

18.1

19.5

20.9

43

12.4

13.9

15.3

16.7

18.1

19.6

21.0

44

12.5

13.9

15.3

16.8

18.2

19.6

21.1

45

12.5

13.9

15.4

16.8

18.2

19.7

21.1

46

12.5

13.9

15.4

16.8

18.3

19.7

21.2

47

12.5

14.0

15.4

16.9

18.3

19.8

21.2

48

12.5

14.0

15.5

16.9

18.4

19.8

21.3

49

12.5

14.0

15.5

17.0

18.4

19.9

21.4

50

12.6

14.0

15.5

17.0

18.5

20.0

21.4

51

12.6

14.1

15.5

17.0

18.5

20.0

21.5

52

12.6

14.1

15.6

17.1

18.6

20.1

21.6

53

12.6

14.1

15.6

17.1

18.6

20.1

21.6

54

12.6

14.1

15.6

17.2

18.7

20.2

21.7

55

12.6

14.1

15.7

17.2

18.7

20.3

21.8

56

12.6

14.1

15.7

17.2

18.8

20.3

21.9

57

12.6

14.1

15.7

17.3

18.8

20.4

21.9

58

12.6

14.2

15.7

17.3

18.9

20.5

22.0

59

12.6

14.2

15.8

17.3

18.9

20.5

22.1

60

12.6

14.2

15.8

17.4

19.0

20.6

22.2

a Median and standard deviations (cm). Reference data are based on the first and second National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES I and II) in the United States of America.

Table A3.2
Mid-upper arm circumference (cm): boys, 6-60 monthsa

Age
(months)

-3 SD

-2 SD

-1 SD

Median

+1 SD

+2 SD

+3 SD

6

11.5

12.6

13.8

14.9

16.1

17.3

18.4

7

11.6

12.7

13.9

15.1

16.3

17.5

18.6

8

11.7

12.8

14.0

15.2

16.4

17.6

18.8

9

11.7

12.9

14.2

15.4

16.6

17.8

19.0

10

11.8

13.0

14.2

15.5

16.7

17.9

19.1

11

11.9

13.1

14.3

15.6

16.8

18.0

19.3

12

11.9

13.2

14.4

15.7

16.9

18.1

19.4

13

12.0

12.2

14.5

15.7

17.0

18.2

19.5

14

12.0

13.3

14.5

15.8

17.1

18.3

19.6

15

12.1

13.3

14.6

15.9

17.1

18.4

19.7

16

12.1

13.4

14.6

15.9

17.2

18.5

19.8

17

12.1

13.4

14.7

16.0

17.3

18.6

19.8

18

12.1

13.4

14.7

16.0

17.3

18.6

19.9

19

12.2

13.5

14.8

16.1

17.4

18.7

20.0

20

12.2

13.5

14.8

16.1

17.4

18.7

20.0

21

12.2

13.5

14.8

16.1

17.5

18.8

20.1

22

12.2

13.5

14.9

16.2

17.5

18.8

20.1

23

12.2

13.5

14.9

16.2

17.5

18.9

20.2

24

12.2

13.6

14.9

16.2

17.6

18.9

20.2

25

12.2

13.6

14.9

16.3

17.6

18.9

20.3

26

12.3

13.6

14.9

16.3

17.6

19.0

20.3

27

12.3

13.6

15.0

16.3

17.7

19.0

20.4

28

12.3

13.6

15.0

16.3

17.7

19.1

20.4

29

12.3

13.7

15.0

16.4

17.7

19.1

20.4

30

12.3

13.7

15.0

16.4

17.8

19.1

20.5

31

12.3

13.7

15.1

16.4

17.8

19.2

20.5

32

12.3

13.7

15.1

16.5

17.8

19.2

20.6

33

12.4

13.7

15.1

16.5

17.9

19.2

20.6

34

12.4

13.8

15.1

16.5

17.9

19.3

20.6

35

12.4

13.8

15.2

16.5

17.9

19.3

20.7

36

12.4

13.8

15.2

16.6

18.0

19.3

20.7

37

12.4

13.8

15.2

16.6

18.0

19.4

20.8

38

12.4

13.8

15.2

16.6

18.0

19.4

20.8

39

12.5

13.9

15.3

16.7

18.1

19.5

20.9

40

12.5

13.9

15.3

16.7

18.1

19.5

20.9

41

12.5

13.9

15.3

16.7

18.1

19.6

21.0

42

12.5

13.9

15.4

16.8

18.2

19.6

21.0

43

12.5

14.0

15.4

16.8

18.2

19.7

21.1

44

12.5

14.0

15.4

16.8

18.3

19.7

21.1

45

12.6

14.0

15.4

16.9

18.3

19.8

21.2

46

12.6

14.0

15.5

16.9

18.4

19.8

21.3

47

12.6

14.0

15.5

17.0

18.4

19.9

21.3

48

12.6

14.1

15.5

17.0

18.4

19.9

21.4

49

12.6

14.1

15.6

17.0

18.5

20.0

21.4

50

12.6

14.1

15.6

17.1

18.5

20.0

21.5

51

12.6

14.1

15.6

17.1

18.6

20.1

21.6

52

12.6

14.1

15.6

17.1

18.6

20.1

21.6

53

12.6

14.1

15.7

17.2

18.7

20.2

21.7

54

12.6

14.2

15.7

17.2

18.7

20.2

21.8

55

12.6

14.2

15.7

17.2

18.8

20.3

21.8

56

12.6

14.2

15.7

17.3

18.8

20.4

21.9

57

12.6

14.2

15.8

17.3

18.9

20.4

22.0

58

12.6

14.2

15.8

17.3

18.9

20.5

22.1

59

12.6

14.2

15.8

17.4

19.0

20.6

22.2

60

12.6

14.2

15.8

17.4

19.0

20.6

22.2

a Median and standard deviations (cm). Reference data are based on the first and second National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES I and II) in the United States of America.

Table A3.3
Mid-upper arm circumference (cm): girls, 6-60 monthsa

Age
(months)

-3 SD

-2 SD

-1 SD

Median

+1 SD

+2 SD

+3 SD

6

10.4

11.5

12.7

13.9

15.0

16.2

17.4

7

10.6

11.8

13.0

14.1

15.3

16.5

17.7

8

10.8

12.0

13.2

14.4

15.6

16.8

18.0

9

11.0

12.2

13.4

14.6

15.8

17.0

18.2

10

11.1

12.3

13.6

14.8

16.0

17.2

18.4

11

11.3

12.5

13.7

15.0

16.2

17.4

18.6

12

11.4

12.6

13.9

15.1

16.4

17.6

18.8

13

11.5

12.7

14.0

15.2

16.5

17.7

19.0

14

11.6

12.8

14.1

15.4

16.6

17.9

19.2

15

11.7

12.9

14.2

15.5

16.7

18.0

19.3

16

11.7

13.0

14.3

15.6

16.8

18.1

19.4

17

11.8

13.1

14.4

15.7

16.9

18.2

19.5

18

11.8

13.1

14.4

15.7

17.0

18.3

19.6

19

11.9

13.2

14.5

15.8

17.1

18.4

19.7

20

11.9

13.2

14.5

15.8

17.2

18.5

19.8

21

11.9

13.3

14.6

15.9

17.2

18.5

19.8

22

12.0

13.3

14.6

15.9

17.3

18.6

19.9

23

12.0

13.3

14.7

16.0

17.3

18.6

20.0

24

12.0

13.4

14.7

16.0

17.4

18.7

20.0

25

12.0

13.4

14.7

16.1

17.4

18.7

20.1

26

12.1

13.4

14.7

16.1

17.4

18.8

20.1

27

12.1

13.4

14.8

16.1

17.5

18.8

20.2

28

12.1

13.4

14.8

16.1

17.5

18.9

20.2

29

12.1

13.5

14.8

16.2

17.5

18.9

20.3

30

12.1

13.5

14.8

16.2

17.6

18.9

20.3

31

12.1

13.5

14.9

16.2

17.6

19.0

20.3

32

12.1

13.5

14.9

16.3

17.6

19.0

20.4

33

12.2

13.5

14.9

16.3

17.7

19.0

20.4

34

12.2

13.6

14.9

16.3

17.7

19.1

20.5

35

12.2

13.6

15.0

16.3

17.7

19.1

20.5

36

12.2

13.6

15.0

16.4

17.8

19.2

20.5

37

12.2

13.6

15.0

16.4

17.8

19.2

20.6

38

12.2

13.6

15.0

16.4

17.8

19.2

20.6

39

12.3

13.7

15.1

16.5

17.9

19.3

20.7

40

12.3

13.7

15.1

16.5

17.9

19.3

20.7

41

12.3

13.7

15.1

16.6

18.0

19.4

20.8

42

12.3

13.8

15.2

16.6

18.0

19.4

20.8

43

12.4

13.8

15.2

16.6

18.1

19.5

20.9

44

12.4

13.8

15.2

16.7

18.1

19.5

21.0

45

12.4

13.8

15.3

16.7

18.1

19.6

21.0

46

12.4

13.9

15.3

16.7

18.2

19.6

21.1

47

12.4

13.9

15.3

16.8

18.2

19.7

21.2

48

12.4

13.9

15.4

16.8

18.3

19.8

21.2

49

12.5

13.9

15.4

16.9

18.3

19.8

21.3

50

12.5

14.0

15.4

16.9

18.4

19.9

21.4

51

12.5

14.0

15.5

17.0

18.4

19.9

21.4

52

12.5

14.0

15.5

17.0

18.5

20.0

21.5

53

12.5

14.0

15.5

17.0

18.6

20.1

21.6

54

12.5

14.0

15.6

17.1

18.6

20.1

21.7

55

12.5

14.1

15.6

17.1

18.7

20.2

21.7

56

12.5

14.1

15.6

17.2

18.7

20.3

21.8

57

12.5

14.1

15.7

17.2

18.8

20.3

21.9

58

12.5

14.1

15.7

17.3

18.8

20.4

22.0

59

12.5

14.1

15.7

17.3

18.9

20.5

22.1

60

12.5

14.1

15.7

17.3

18.9

20.5

22.2

a Median and standard deviations (cm). Reference data are based on the first and second National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES I and II) in the United States of America.

Table A3.4
Percentiles of BMI-for-age: male adolescents, 9-24 yearsa


Percentiles

Age (years)

5th

15th

50th

85th

95th

9

14.03

14.71

16.17

18.85

21.47

10

14.42

15.15

16.72

19.60

22.60

11

14.83

15.59

17.28

20.35

23.73

12

15.24

16.06

17.87

21.12

24.89

13

15.73

16.62

18.53

21.93

25.93

14

16.18

17.20

19.22

22.77

26.93

15

16.59

17.76

19.92

23.63

27.76

16

17.01

18.32

20.63

24.45

28.53

17

17.31

18.68

21.12

25.28

29.32

18

17.54

18.89

21.45

25.92

30.02

19

17.80

19.20

21.86

26.36

30.66

20-24

18.66

20.21

23.07

26.87

31.26

a Reference data are based on the first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES I) in the United States of America (2, 3).

Table A3.5
Percentiles of BMI-for-age: female adolescents, 9-24 yearsa


Percentiles

Age (years)

5th

15th

50th

85th

95th

9

13.87

14.66

16.33

19.19

21.78

10

14.23

15.09

17.00

20.19

23.20

11

14.60

15.53

17.67

21.18

24.59

12

14.98

15.98

18.35

22.17

25.95

13

15.36

16.43

18.95

23.08

27.07

14

15.67

16.79

19.32

23.88

27.97

15

16.01

17.16

19.69

24.29

28.51

16

16.37

17.54

20.09

24.74

29.10

17

16.59

17.81

20.36

25.23

29.72

18

16.71

17.99

20.57

25.56

30.22

19

16.87

18.20

20.80

25.85

30.72

20-24

17.38

18.64

21.46

26.14

31.20

a Reference data are based on the first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES I) in the United States of America (2, 3).

Table A3.6
Percentiles of triceps skinfold thickness: male adolescents, 9-18 yearsa


Percentiles

Age years

5th

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

9.0

4.8

5.5

6.7

8.4

11.1

14.6

17.8

9.5

4.8

5.5

6.7

8.6

11.5

15.5

18.7

10.0

4.9

5.6

6.8

8.8

11.9

16.4

19.8

10.5

4.9

5.6

6.9

9.0

12.4

17.4

20.8

11.0

4.9

5.6

7.0

9.3

12.8

18.3

21.8

11.5

5.0

5.7

7.0

9.4

13.2

19.1

22.7

12.0

4.9

5.7

7.1

9.6

13.4

19.8

23.4

12.5

4.9

5.6

7.1

9.6

13.6

20.2

23.9

13.0

4.8

5.6

7.0

9.6

13.5

20.3

24.1

13.5

4.6

5.4

6.8

9.4

13.3

20.1

24.0

14.0

4.5

5.3

6.6

9.1

13.0

19.6

23.7

14.5

4.3

5.1

6.4

8.7

12.5

19.0

23.2

15.0

4.1

4.9

6.2

8.4

12.0

18.2

22.7

15.5

3.9

4.7

5.9

8.0

11.5

17.4

22.1

16.0

3.8

4.6

5.8

7.7

11.2

16.8

21.6

16.5

3.8

4.5

5.6

7.4

10.9

16.2

21.3

17.0

3.8

4.5

5.6

7.3

10.9

16.0

21.3

17.5

3.9

4.5

5.7

7.3

11.1

16.1

21.6

18.0

4.2

4.6

5.9

7.5

11.7

16.6

22.3

a Reference data are based on the Health Examination Survey, and the first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES I) in the United States of America (4).

Table A3.7
Percentiles of triceps skinfold thickness: female adolescents, 9-18 yearsa


Percentiles

Age years

5th

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

9.0

6.0

6.8

8.4

11.0

14.1

18.5

21.2

9.5

6.0

6.8

8.5

11.2

14.5

19.1

22.0

10.0

6.1

6.9

8.6

11.4

15.0

19.8

22.8

10.5

6.2

7.0

8.8

11.6

15.4

20.4

23.5

11.0

6.3

7.2

9.0

11.9

15.9

21.1

24.2

11.5

6.4

7.3

9.2

12.2

16.4

21.6

24.9

12.0

6.6

7.6

9.5

12.6

16.9

22.2

25.6

12.5

6.7

7.8

9.8

12.9

17.5

22.8

26.2

13.0

6.9

8.0

10.1

13.3

18.0

23.3

26.8

13.5

7.1

8.3

10.4

13.7

18.5

23.8

27.4

14.0

7.3

8.5

10.7

14.1

19.0

24.2

28.0

14.5

7.5

8.8

11.1

14.5

19.5

24.7

28.5

15.0

7.7

9.1

11.4

14.8

20.0

25.1

29.0

15.5

7.9

9.3

11.8

15.2

20.5

25.5

29.4

16.0

8.0

9.6

12.2

15.6

20.9

25.9

29.8

16.5

8.2

9.8

12.5

16.0

21.3

26.3

30.1

17.0

8.4

10.0

12.8

16.3

21.7

26.7

30.4

17.5

8.5

10.2

13.2

16.6

22.0

27.0

30.7

18.0

8.6

10.4

13.5

17.0

22.2

27.3

30.9

a Reference data are based on the Health Examination Survey, and the first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES I) in the United States of America (4).

Table A3.8
Percentiles of subscapular skinfold thickness: male adolescents, 9-18 yearsa


Percentiles

Age years

5th

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

9.0

3.2

3.7

4.0

4.9

6.4

10.4

13.6

9.5

3.2

3.7

4.0

5.0

6.6

10.9

14.4

10.0

3.3

3.8

4.1

5.0

6.8

11.4

15.2

10.5

3.4

3.8

4.2

5.2

7.0

11.8

15.9

11.0

3.4

3.9

4.3

5.3

7.2

12.2

16.6

11.5

3.5

3.9

4.4

5.4

7.4

12.6

17.2

12.0

3.6

4.0

4.5

5.6

7.6

13.0

17.9

12.5

3.6

4.1

4.6

5.7

7.9

13.4

18.5

13.0

3.7

4.2

4.8

5.9

8.1

13.8

19.1

13.5

3.8

4.3

5.0

6.1

8.4

14.2

19.7

14.0

3.9

4.4

5.1

6.3

8.6

14.6

20.3

14.5

4.0

4.6

5.3

6.5

8.9

15.1

20.9

15.0

4.2

4.7

5.5

6.7

9.2

15.5

21.5

15.5

4.3

4.8

5.7

7.0

9.5

16.1

22.1

16.0

4.4

5.0

5.9

7.2

9.9

16.6

22.7

16.5

4.6

5.2

6.1

7.5

10.2

17.3

23.3

17.0

4.8

5.4

6.4

7.8

10.6

18.0

24.0

17.5

4.9

5.5

6.6

8.2

11.0

18.7

24.6

18.0

5.1

5.7

6.8

8.5

11.4

19.5

25.3

a Reference data are based on the Health Examination Survey, and the first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES I) in the United States of America (4).

Table A3.9
Percentiles of subscapular skinfold thickness: female adolescents, 9-18 yearsa


Percentiles

Age years

5th

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

9.0

3.6

4.0

4.6

5.8

8.4

13.6

17.2

9.5

3.7

4.0

4.8

6.1

8.9

14.5

18.2

10.0

3.8

4.1

5.0

6.4

9.4

15.3

19.2

10.5

4.0

4.3

5.2

6.7

9.9

16.2

20.2

11.0

4.1

4.5

5.4

7.0

10.4

17.0

21.2

11.5

4.3

4.6

5.7

7.3

11.0

17.8

22.2

12.0

4.5

4.8

5.9

7.7

11.5

18.6

23.2

12.5

4.6

5.1

6.2

8.1

12.1

19.3

24.1

13.0

4.8

5.3

6.4

8.4

12.6

20.1

25.0

13.5

5.0

5.5

6.7

8.8

13.2

20.8

25.8

14.0

5.2

5.7

7.0

9.2

13.8

21.5

26.6

14.5

5.4

5.9

7.2

9.5

14.3

22.1

27.4

15.0

5.5

6.2

7.4

9.9

14.8

22.7

28.1

15.5

5.7

6.3

7.7

10.2

15.4

23.2

28.7

16.0

5.8

6.5

7.9

10.6

15.8

23.7

29.2

16.5

6.0

6.7

8.1

10.9

16.3

24.2

29.7

17.0

6.1

6.8

8.2

11.2

16.7

24.6

30.1

17.5

6.2

7.0

8.4

11.5

17.1

24.9

30.4

18.0

6.3

7.0

8.5

11.7

17.5

25.1

30.6

a Reference data are based on the Health Examination Survey, and the first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES I) in the United States of America (4).

Table A3.10
Adult weights and heights corresponding to recommended cut-off values for body mass index


BMI


16.0

17.0

18.5

20.0

22.0

25.0

30.0

40.0


Height (cm)

Thinness



Overweight

Height (cm)

Body weight (kg)

140

31.4

33.3

36.2

39.2

43.1

49.0

58.8

78.4

140

141

31.8

33.8

36.8

39.8

43.7

49.7

59.6

79.5

141

142

32.3

34.3

37.3

40.3

44.4

50.4

60.5

80.7

142

143

32.7

34.8

37.8

40.9

45.0

51.1

61.3

81.8

143

144

33.2

35.3

38.4

41.5

45.6

51.8

62.2

82.9

144

145

33.6

35.7

38.9

42.1

46.3

52.6

63.1

84.1

145

146

34.1

36.2

39.4

42.6

46.9

53.3

63.9

85.3

146

147

34.6

36.7

40.0

43.2

47.5

54.0

64.8

86.4

147

148

35.0

37.2

40.5

43.8

48.2

54.8

65.7

87.6

148

149

35.5

37.7

41.1

44.4

48.8

55.5

66.6

88.8

149

150

36.0

38.2

41.6

45.0

49.5

56.3

67.5

90.0

150

151

36.5

38.8

42.2

45.6

50.2

57.0

68.4

91.2

151

152

37.0

39.3

42.7

46.2

50.8

57.8

69.3

92.4

152

153

37.5

39.8

43.3

46.8

51.5

58.5

70.2

93.6

153

154

37.9

40.3

43.9

47.4

52.2

59.3

71.1

94.9

154

155

38.4

40.8

44.4

48.1

52.9

60.1

72.1

96.1

155

156

38.9

41.4

45.0

48.7

53.5

60.8

73.0

97.3

156

157

39.4

41.9

45.6

49.3

54.2

61.6

73.9

98.6

157

158

39.9

42.4

46.2

49.9

54.9

62.4

74.9

99.9

158

159

40.4

43.0

46.8

50.6

55.6

63.2

75.8

101.1

159

160

41.0

43.5

47.4

51.2

56.3

64.0

76.8

102.4

160

161

41.5

44.1

48.0

51.8

57.0

64.8

77.8

103.7

161

162

42.0

44.6

48.3

52.5

57.7

65.6

78.7

105.0

162

163

42.5

45.2

49.2

53.1

58.5

66.4

79.7

106.3

163

164

43.0

45.7

49.8

53.8

59.2

67.2

80.7

107.6

164

165

43.6

46.3

50.4

54.5

59.9

68.1

81.7

108.9

165

166

44.1

46.8

51.0

55.1

60.6

68.9

82.7

110.2

166

167

44.6

47.4

51.6

55.8

61.4

69.7

83.7

111.6

167

168

45.2

48.0

52.2

56.4

62.1

70.6

84.7

112.9

168

169

45.7

48.6

52.8

57.1

62.8

71.4

85.7

114.2

169

170

46.2

49.1

53.5

57.8

63.6

72.3

86.7

115.6

170

171

46.8

49.7

54.1

58.5

64.3

73.1

87.8

117.0

171

172

47.3

50.3

54.7

59.2

65.1

74.0

88.8

118.3

172

173

47.9

50.9

55.4

59.9

65.8

74.8

89.8

119.7

173

174

48.4

51.5

56.0

60.6

66.6

75.7

90.8

121.1

174

175

49.0

52.1

56.7

61.3

67.4

76.6

91.9

122.5

175

176

49.6

52.7

57.3

62.0

68.1

77.4

92.9

123.9

176

177

50.1

53.3

58.0

62.7

68.9

78.3

94.0

125.3

177

178

50.7

53.9

58.6

63.4

69.7

79.2

95.0

126.7

178

179

51.3

54.5

59.3

64.1

70.5

80.1

96.1

128.2

179

180

51.9

55.1

59.9

64.8

71.3

81.0

97.2

129.6

180

181

52.4

55.7

60.6

65.5

72.1

81.9

98.3

131.0

181

182

53.0

56.3

61.3

66.2

72.9

82.8

99.4

132.5

182

183

53.6

57.0

62.0

67.0

73.7

83.7

100.5

134.0

183

184

54.2

57.6

62.6

67.7

74.5

84.6

101.6

135.4

184

185

54.8

58.2

63.3

68.5

75.3

85.6

102.7

136.9

185

186

55.5

58.8

64.0

69.2

76.1

86.5

103.8

138.4

186

187

56.0

59.5

64.7

69.9

76.9

87.4

104.9

139.9

187

188

56.6

60.1

65.4

70.7

77.8

88.4

106.0

141.4

188

189

57.1

60.7

66.1

71.4

78.6

89.3

107.1

142.9

189

190

57.8

61.4

66.8

72.2

79.4

90.3

108.3

144.4

190

For easy reference and calculation of BMI values corresponding to recommended cut-offs, first find the height of the individual in the left- or right-hand column. The weights given in the row for that height correspond to various recommended cut-off values for adult BMI. Weights for two normal BMI values are also included.

Interpretation

BMI < 16.00

indicates grade 3 thinness

BMI 16.0-16.99

indicates grade 2 thinness

BMI 17.0-18.49

indicates grade 1 thinness

BMI 18.5-24.99

is the normal range for an individual

BMI 25.0-29.99

indicates grade 1 overweight

BMI 30.0-39.99

indicates grade 2 overweight

BMI ³ 40.00

indicates grade 3 overweight

References

1. Measuring change in nutritional status. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1983.

2. Must A, Dallal GE, Dietz WH. Reference data for obesity: 85th and 95th percentiles of body mass index (wt/ht2). American journal of clinical nutrition, 1991, 53:839-846.

3. Must A, Dallal GE, Dietz WH. Reference data for obesity: 85th and 95th percentiles of body mass index (wt/ht2) - a correction. American journal of clinical nutrition, 1991, 43:773.

4. Johnson CL et al. Basic data on anthropometric measurements and angular measurements of the hip and knee joints for selected age groups 1-74 years of age. Washington, DC, Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics, 1981 (Vital and Health Statistics, Series 11, Publication No. (PHS) 81-1669).