|Environmental Health Management after Natural Disaster - A Study Guide (PAHO-OPS, 1982, 58 p.)|
Lesson 1 - An Overview
Identify four types of sudden natural disasters.
Be aware of their potential effects on essential lifeline services.
Recognize the hazards to public health that could result, especially when large numbers of people are displaced.
Lesson 2 - Factors to Consider for Effective Management
List three factors to be considered in determining a course of action in disaster management of environmental health.
List the five necessary services that must be provided at least at minimum levels to individuals in high risk areas.
Partition disaster management into three phases.
Lesson 3 - Phase One: Predisaster Health Measures
Recognize the critical importance of detailed advance planning for effective management of environmental health services and resources in the event of a sudden natural disaster.
Know the elements that go into developing an environmental health emergency operations plan.
List the effects of natural disaster that are most likely to occur and create high health risks in certain areas.
Know the protective measures that can be taken to minimize the effects listed in Objective 3 above.
Explore ways to educate environmental health personnel and the public to prepare for and respond effectively to a natural disaster.
Lesson 4 - Phase Two: Measures Taken during the Disaster and in the Aftermath
List the three time frames within phase two - that is, during and immediately following a natural disaster.
Understand the principal objectives that should be met during each time frame.
Know ways to assure safe food, potable water, facilities for sanitation and hygiene, adequate shelter, and vector control during and immediately following a disaster.
Be aware of the necessity of keeping the population fully informed during this period.
Know the measures to be taken during the period of consolidation, as steps toward recovery begin.
Lesson 5 - Phase Three: Rehabilitation Measures
Understand the factors involved in planning for systematic restoration of environmental health services.
List the six lifeline services that should receive the highest priority in short-term rehabilitation.
Understand the purpose and application of technical health surveys during the rehabilitation phase.
Consider when to take environmental health surveys, their order of importance, and basic parameters used for determining disease risk.
Understand the importance of evaluating the emergency operations action plan and consider the types of questions that should be posed and to whom a final report should be sent.