|Environmental Health Management after Natural Disaster - A Study Guide (PAHO-OPS, 1982, 58 p.)|
|Final exam package - B|
(B-1) Check the one correct answer.
____Provide adequate shelter.
____Provide safe drinking water.
____Remove human excrete and liquid and solid wastes.
____Control vectors that transmit disease. Ensure food supplies.
(B-2) Rank the following options, with 1 being the highest priority and 4 the lowest.
____Assess the need for drinking water in all communities affected by the disaster.
____Request mobile water purification plants from relief agencies.
____Assure drinking water for victims and relief workers in hospitals and treatment centers.
____Repair the main well and broken water mains.
(B-3) Check all of the options below that might be appropriate during the immediate postdisaster period (1-3 days).
____Use existing public buildings such as schools, meeting halls, and churches.
____Encourage people to stay with other family members or friends.
____Establish tent camps to provide shelter.
____Encourage people to construct temporary shelter on their own property.
(B-4) Rank the following options, with 1 being the highest priority and 3 the lowest.
____While warehouses storing perishable food have not been damaged, damaged power lines have put many refrigeration units out of operation.
____Rats now have access to much of the food in storage because of damage to some warehouses.
____Some food supplies may have become contaminated and it is not known if the food is safe for distribution.
(B-5) Check the one correct answer.
____Conduct technical surveys for evaluating and planning the restoration of lifeline services.
____Create a national committee to plan, monitor, and coordinate all reconstruction activities.
____Restore essential environmental health surveillance activities.
(B-6) Check all of the options below where problems caused by the disaster might have been prevented, solved, or reduced by advance planning.
____Damage to civil engineering structures.
____Contamination of food and water supplies.