|Health Services Organization in the Event of Disaster (PAHO-OPS, 1983, 118 p.)|
|Chapter 1: Introduction|
The purpose of this manual is to furnish technical information necessary for the preparation of plans to enable health services to provide an effective response in the management of massive casualties following a disaster.
Based on the existing structure of each country's health system, this manual attempts to cover the fundamental features involved in the preparation and coordination of emergency plans which are consistent with the characteristics of the health infrastructure and effectively provide a prompt and adequate response to disaster-created needs in facilities ranging from humble health posts to sophisticated district, regional, or metropolitan hospitals.
The general planning objectives are to:
1) Coordinate the use of resources and make it more rational so as to avoid duplication of activities and functions.
2) Keep a current inventory of human, material, and institutional resources in the medical care area.
3) Carry out training activities for health-area personnel, volunteers, and staff of the emergency care system or the civil defense system.
4) Ensure the establishment of effective coordination and cooperation between national and regional organizations (public as well as private) in the implementation of the national disaster management plan.
5) Orient community action in disaster situations.