Bucket latrines have a reputation of being dirty and smelly.
However, if used appropriately, fitted into a wider collection and disposal
system and if training in maintenance and hygiene education given, they can be
very effective, convenient and private. This type of system does require,
however, daily maintenance and cleaning. Buckets need to be emptied into a
larger collection tank or system daily, if this is not done it may discourage
their use. Organizers should mobilize families to do most of this emptying work.
Bucket systems have a clear advantage of being very mobile, thus enabling
privacy for use in safe places, especially for women and girls. They are
especially useful at night for home/shelter use, especially in dark or unsafe
camp environments or for use by the sick and disabled. Buckets can also be
fitted with simple easy-to-clean plastic seats and lids. When promoting this
type of system it is advisable to also promote the use of a separate bucket for
urinating. This will greatly reduce smells, sloppy liquids and will reduce the
risk of spreading of harmful pathogens in the environment. It will also enable
the use of urine for tree or plant fertilization.
Always address privacy, maintenance and hygiene