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close this bookMedicinal plants in Viet Nam (Institute of Materia Medica - HANOI - WHO/WPRO, 1990, 444 p.)
close this folderPart II: Medicinal plants
View the document1. Abrus precatorius L.
View the document2. Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet
View the document3. Acanthopanax trifoliatus (L.) Merr.
View the document4. Achyranthes aspera L.
View the document5. Achyranthes bidentata Blume
View the document6. Aconitum fortunei Hemsl.
View the document7. Acorus gramineus Solander
View the document8. Acronychia laurifolia Blume
View the document9. Adenosma indianum (Lour.) Merr.
View the document10. Ageratum conyzoides L.
View the document11. Alisma plantago-aquatica L
View the document12. Allium fistulosum L.
View the document13. Allium odorum L.
View the document14. Allium sativum L.
View the document15. Alocasia macrorrhiza (L.) Schott
View the document16. Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd.
View the document17. Alstonia scholaris (L.) R. Br.
View the document18. Amomum aromaticum Roxb.
View the document19. Amomum villosum Lour.
View the document20. Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees
View the document21. Angelica dahurica (Fisch.ex Hoffm.) Benth. et Hook.f.
View the document22. Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels
View the document23. Areca catechu L.
View the document24. Aristolochia roxburghiana Klotsch
View the document25. Armeniaca vulgaris Lam.
View the document26. Artemisia vulgaris L.
View the document27. Asarum maximum Hemsl.
View the document28. Asparagus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr.
View the document29. Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz.
View the document30. Baeckea frutescens L.
View the document31. Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC.
View the document32. Berberis wallichiana DC.
View the document33. Biota orientalis (L.) Endl.
View the document34. Bischofia javanica Blume
View the document35. Blumea balsamifera (L.) DC.
View the document36. Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaud.
View the document37. Brucea javanica (L.) Merr.
View the document38. Caesalpinia sappan L.
View the document39. Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik.
View the document40. Cassia alata L.
View the document41. Cassia tora L.
View the document42. Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don
View the document43. Centella asiatica (L.) Urban
View the document44. Cerbera manghas L.
View the document45. Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
View the document46. Chrysanthemum indicum L.
View the document47. Cibotium barometz (L.) J.Sm.
View the document48. Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Presl
View the document49. Cinnamomum cassia Blume
View the document50. Citrus grandis (L.) Osbeck
View the document51. Citrus japonica Thunb.
View the document52. Citrus limonia Osbeck
View the document53. Citrus reticulata Blanco
View the document54. Clerodendrum fragrans (Vent) Willd.
View the document55. Clerodendrum squamatum Vahl
View the document56. Codonopsis javanica (Blume) Hook.f.
View the document57. Coix lachryma-jobi L.
View the document58. Coleus amboinicus Lour.
View the document59. Combretum quadrangulare Kurz
View the document60. Coscinium fenestratum (Gaertn.) Colebr.
View the document61. Costus speciosus (Koenig) Smith
View the document62. Crinum asiaticum L.
View the document63. Croton tiglium L.
View the document64. Croton tonkinensis Gagnep.
View the document65. Curcuma domestica Valet.
View the document66. Curcuma zedoaria (Berg.) Rosc.
View the document67. Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf
View the document68. Cyperus rotundus L.
View the document69. Datura metel L.
View the document70. Dendrobium nobile Lindl.
View the document71. Desmodium triangulare (Retz.) Merr.
View the document72. Dichroa febrifuga Lour.
View the document73. Dioscorea persimilis Prain et Burkill
View the document74. Dioscorea zingiberensis C.H. Wright
View the document75. Dipsacus japonicus Miq.
View the document76. Disporopsis aspera (Hua) Engl. ex Krause
View the document77. Disporopsis longifolia Craib
View the document78. Dolichos lablab L.
View the document79. Dracaena cambodiana Pierre ex Gagnep.
View the document80. Drynaria fortunei (Kze) J. Sm.
View the document81. Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk.
View the document82. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.
View the document83. Eleutherine subaphylla Gagnep.
View the document84. Elsholtzia ciliata (Thunb.) Hyland.
View the document85. Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.
View the document86. Erythrina variegata L. var. orientalis (L.) Merr.
View the document87. Eucommia ulmoides Oliver
View the document88. Eupatorium staechadosmum Hance
View the document89. Euphorbia thymifolia L.
View the document90. Euphoria longan (Lour.) Steud.
View the document91. Fibraurea recisa Pierre
View the document92. Ficus pumila L.
View the document93. Gardenia jasminoides Ellis
View the document94. Gomphandra tonkinensis Gagnep.
View the document95. Hedyotis capitellata Wall. ex G. Don var. mollis Pierce ex Pitard
View the document96. Hemerocallis fulva L.
View the document97. Heterosmilax erythrantha Baill.
View the document98. Hibiscus mutabilis L.
View the document99. Hibiscus sagittifolius Kurz var. quinquelobus Gagnep.
View the document100. Holarrhena antidysenterica (Roxb. ex Flem.) A.DC.
View the document101. Homalonema occulta (Lour.) Schott
View the document102. Houttuynia cordata Thunb.
View the document103. Hovenia dulcis Thunb.
View the document104. Hydnocarpus anthelmintica Pierre
View the document105. Illicium verum Hook.f.
View the document106. Imperata cylindrica (L.) P. Beauv.
View the document107. Jasminum subtriplinerve Blume
View the document108. Kaempferia galanga L.
View the document109. Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
View the document110. Lactuca indica L.
View the document111. Leonurus artemisia (Lour.) S. Y. Hu
View the document112. Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) De Wit
View the document113. Lilium brownii F. E. Brown var. colchesteri Wilson
View the document114. Lonicera japonica Thunb.
View the document115. Ludwigia adscendens (L.) Hara
View the document116. Lycium chinense Mill.
View the document117. Maclura cochinchinensis (Lour.) Corner
View the document118. Malus doumeri (Bois.) A. Chev.
View the document119. Melaleuca leucadendra (L.) L.
View the document120. Melia azedarach L.
View the document121. Mentha arvensis L.
View the document122. Millettia speciosa Champ.
View the document123. Momordica cochinchinensis (Lour.) Spreng
View the document124. Morinda citrifolia L.
View the document125. Morinda officinalis How
View the document126. Morus acidosa Griff.
View the document127. Murraya glabra Guill.
View the document128. Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
View the document129. Nerium odorum Soland.
View the document130. Nervilia fordii (Hance) Schltr.
View the document131. Ocimum gratissimum L.
View the document132. Ocimum sanctum L.
View the document133. Ophiopogon japonicus (L.f.) Ker. - Gawl.
View the document134. Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent.
View the document135. Orthosiphon aristatus (Blume) Miq.
View the document136. Paederia foetida L.
View the document137. Panax bipinnatifidus Seem.
View the document138. Panax pseudo-ginseng Wall.
View the document139. Papaver somniferum L.
View the document140. Passiflora foetida L.
View the document141. Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton
View the document142. Phellodendron amurense Rupr.
View the document143. Phyllanthus urinaria L.
View the document144. Piper betle L.
View the document145. Piper lolot C. DC.
View the document146. Piper nigrum L.
View the document147. Plantago major L.
View the document148. Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC.
View the document149. Pluchea indica (L.) Less.
View the document150. Plumeria rubra L. var. acutifolia (Poir.) Bailey
View the document151. Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Bentham
View the document152. Polygonatum kingianum Coll. et Hemsl.
View the document153. Polygonum chinense L.
View the document154. Polygonum multiflorum Thunb.
View the document155. Portulaca oleracea L.
View the document156. Premna integrifolia Roxb.
View the document157. Prunella vulgaris L.
View the document158. Prunus persica (L.) Batsch
View the document159. Pueraria thomsonii Benth.
View the document160. Punica granatum L.
View the document161. Quisqualis indica L.
View the document162. Rauvolfia cambodiana Pierre ex Pitard
View the document163. Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaertner) Libosch.
View the document164. Rhodomyrtus tomentosa (Ait) Hassk.
View the document165. Ricinus communis L.
View the document166. Rosa laevigata Michaux
View the document167. Rumex chinensis Campd.
View the document168. Sauropus androgynus (L.) Merr.
View the document169. Schefflera octophylla (Lour.) Harms
View the document170. Scoparia dulcis L.
View the document171. Scrophularia ningpoensis Hemsl.
View the document172. Siegesbeckia orientalis L.
View the document173. Smilax glabra Roxb.
View the document174. Solanum hainanense Hance
View the document175. Solanum verbascifolium L.
View the document176. Sophora japonica L.
View the document177. Stemona tuberosa Lour.
View the document178. Stephania sp.
View the document179. Streptocaulon juventas (Lour.) Merr.
View the document180. Strobilanthes cusia (Nees) Imlay
View the document181. Strophanthus divaricatus (Lour.) Hook. Et Arn.
View the document182. Strychnos nux-vomica L.
View the document183. Strychnos wallichiana Steud. Ex DC.
View the document184. Tacca chantrieri André
View the document185. Tacca plantaginea (Hance) Drenth
View the document186. Talinum patens (L.) Willd.
View the document187. Terminalia nigrovenulosa Pierre ex Laness.
View the document188. Thevetia peruviana (Pers.) K. Schum.
View the document189. Thunbergia grandiflora (Roxb. Ex Rottle) Roxb.
View the document190. Tieghemopanax fruticosus Vig.
View the document191. Tinospora capillipes Gagnep.
View the document192. Typhonium trilobatum Schott
View the document193. Vitex trifolia L. F.
View the document194. Wedelia calendulacea Less.
View the document195. Wikstroemia indica (L.) C. A. Mey.
View the document196. Xanthium strumarium L.
View the document197. Zanthoxylum nitidum (Roxb.) DC.
View the document198. Zea mays L.
View the document199. Zingiber officinale Rosc.
View the document200. Zizyphus mauritiana Lam.

132. Ocimum sanctum L.

Labiatae


Ocimum sanctum L.

Local names:


English names:

Monk’s basil, sacred basil, holy basil, rough basil, tulsi.

Description:

Erect, small plant, annual or perennial, about 1m. in height. Stems and branchlets purple, pubescent Leaves opposite, usually purplish-brown, long-petioled; margins slightly denticulate, pubescent on both surfaces. Inflorescence in close-whorled terminal raceme; flowers small, lilac or white. Nutlets sub-globose, slightly compressed. All parts of the plant are sweet-scented.

Flowering period:

May - July.

Distribution:

Cultivated everywhere for medicinal use.

Parts used:

The whole plant, except for the roots. It is harvested during the flowering period. The roots are removed and the plants lightly dried in the sun or in an oven at low temperature.

Chemical composition:

The whole plant yields an essential oil consisting of eugenol, methyl eugenol, carvacrol, a-cymene, p-cymene, camphene, a-pinene and b-pinene.

Therapeutic uses:

The entire plant, except for the roots, possesses antibacterial, antifebrile and demulcent properties. It is prescribed for coryza, fever, headache, colic, diarrhoea, chest pains, vomiting, chilblains, oedema and epistaxis. The usual dose is 6 to 12g per day in the form of a decoction, either by mouth or as an inhalation. The decoction serves also as a gargle for halitosis: 10g of plant material is boiled for 15 minutes with 200 ml of water.