Literary devices (=உத்தி, structural and thematic devices in a composition) are used by authors in their intellectual works and discourses in accordance with the rules of exegesis, that is, explanation or critical interpretation or “that go in tune with the norms of thematic unity” (Tolkappiam. p. 656). In compositions, literary devices have “a universal function as an art form which expresses ideas through language, which readers / listeners can recognize, identify, interpret and/or analyze.” … They also provide a conceptual framework for comparing individual literary works to others, both within and across genres.” (Braiman, 2007).
Tolkappiam (Murugan, 2000) ; Tamil Lexicon (University of Madras, 1929-1934, 6 v. + Supplement), also accessible online from the website of the University of Chicago, Dictionaries of South Asian Languages (http://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/tamil-lex/
Braiman, Jay (2009), Literary devices. www.mrbraiman.com [visited Dec. 2009]
Murugan, V. (2000). Tolkappiam in English: Translation, with the Tamil text, Transliteration in the Roman script, Introduction, glossary and illustrations. (Project Director: Dr. G. John Samuel). Chennai: Institute of Asian Studies. ISBN 81-87892-05-6
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