Volume 13b, No. 10
18770605

page 143  (14 pages)
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TE WAKA MAORI O NIU TIRANI. 143 TE WAKA MAORI. PO NEKE, TUREI, HUNE 5, 1877. TE AO. E MEA ana matou i tenei korerotanga, me etahi atu hoki i muri atu, kia whakamatau matou ki te whaka- marama ki o matou hoa Maori te tikanga o te taka- huritanga o te ao nei, me te putanga mai o te awatea raua ko te po, me te tikanga i raumati ai i hotoke ai etahi wa, ara ka whakamaramatia e matou te tikanga o te wehewehenga o nga rangi me nga tau. Ka whakamaramatia hoki o matou te taiawhiotanga o te marama i te ao nei, te wehewehenga o nga marama, me te take i kato ai i heke ai te tai. Ko enei tikanga katoa, me nga ture o te whakahaere- tanga o era ao i te rangi ra (ara nga whetu), i roa rawa e kimihia aua e nga tino tohunga matau rawa a te iwi Pakeha i mua ai i era whakatupuranga; na te uaua, na te puku-tohe, na te manawanui, i kitea ai e aua tangata roro-nui. i taea ai hoki e ratou te whakamarama ki te kaitoa o te tangata; a, no naianei noa iho nei ka ata matauria te tikanga, ara no nga tau ka rua rau pea kua taha atu nei. Otira, heoi ta matou e korero ai ko te ao nei ano me te marama, me te ra ki waenganui o to raua taiawhiotanga; a tera ano pea e marama i a matou te whakaatu ki a koutou. Ahakoa kore he kupu tino tika o te reo Maori hei whakamarama i enei tu tikanga tohunga- tanga, engari ki te mea ka ata whakarongo mai nga hoa Maori ki a matou korero, ka ata rapu hoki o ratou whakaaro, tera ano e marama ratou, tetahi wahi, ki nga tikanga ka whakaatu nei matou. Na, te tuatahi, he mea porotaka nui whakahara te Ao nei; ehara i te mea tino porotaka rawa, no te mea e alma papatahi ana nga pito, nga "poora" ki te reo Pakeha; ko toua ahua o te ao nei e ahua rite ana ki te orangi, hua rakau nei. Engari e iwa tonu inihi te porotakatanga o te orangi puta noa ki tetahi taha ki tetahi taha, tena ko te ao nei e rua tekau ma rima mano maero te roa o tona porotakatanga; ko tona matotorutanga i tetahi taha puta noa ki tetahi taha ka waru mano maero. Ko ona maunga teitei me te mea he kirikiri moroiti nei e piri ana i runga i tona mata, na tona nui hoki i penei ai. Otira, aha- koa nui noa te ao, e kore e rite ki te ra ; kia kotahi miriona whenua penei me te ao katoa nei te rahi, katahi ano ka rite ki te ra te nui. Eau noa, rau noa nga tau i kimi ai nga whakatupuranga tohunga roro- nui, whakaaro nui rawa, i kitea ai e ratou te matau- ranga nui e mohio nei te tangata inaianei ki te ruri i nga whetu o te rangi e mohiotia ai toua nui, e taea ai hoki te ruri i te nui rawa o te mataratanga atu o etahi o aua whetu i etahi, e mohiotia ai hoki ona takanga. Engari ko nga hua o a ratou mahi uaua e taea ana e tatou te kapo, a ki te mea ka ata wha- kaaro tatou, ka mohiotia ano e tatou nga tikanga i rau noa ai nga tau e kimihia ana e ratou. Tauria ana i mua ai nga maero o te mataratanga atu o te ra i te ao nei, kitea ana ka 95 miriona, e rua rau e iwa tekau ma waru mano, e rua rau e ono tekau maero; engari no muri nei, kitea aua ka 91 miriona, e ono rau e whitu tekau ma waru mano maero te mataratanga atu, ko te mea tika hoki ia. E kore e taea e te ngakau te whakaaro ki te roa o tenei pamamaotanga, engari me whakarite ki etahi mea e ahua mohio ai; ina hoki, kite mea ka wha maero me nga koata e toru a te tangata e haere ana i roto i te haora kotahi, a pena tonu tana haere, kaua ia e oki- oki i te ao i te po, na, ka taea te rua mano tau e haere ana ka tae ia ki te ra. Tetahi, ki te mea ka 38 maero e haere ana te tinia rerewe nei i roto i te haora kotahi, a pena tonu tana haere., ka tutuki te toru rau tau katahi ka tae ki te ra. Ka puhia te THE WAKA MAORI. WELLINGTON, TUESDAY, JUNE 5, 1877. THE EARTH. WE propose to make an attempt in this and subsequent articles to explain to our Native readers something of the motion of the earth, the succession of day and night, and how the different seasons are brought about—that is to say, we shall endeavour to make clear to them the natural reasons for the division of time into days and years. We shall also try to make them acquainted with the motions of the moon, the division of time into months, and the cause of the ebb and flow of the tides. These subjects, and the laws which govern the motions of the heavenly bodies, have in past ages commanded the highest efforts of the human mind, and the most profound sagacity to comprehend and explain them, and it is only within the last century or two that they have been properly understood. But, as the subject with which we pro- pose to deal refers to the motions of the earth and the moon only, with the sun as a centre, we hope to be able to make ourselves understood. Although the Maori language, from its paucity of words and indefiniteness of expression, is not a suitable medium for dealing with scientific subjects, nevertheless if our Maori friends will fix their attention upon what we shall write, we think they will, at least, obtain a general idea of the matters in regard to which we desire to enlighten them. First, then, we say that the EARTH is a large round body, not a perfect globe, but slightly flattened at both ends, called the "poles," in shape somewhat resembling an orange. But while an orange mea- sures about niue inches round, the earth measures, about 25,000 miles, and its thickness, from oue side to the other, is about 8,000 miles. The earth is so large, that even the highest mountains are in com- parison merely like small grains on its surface; and yet, large as the earth is, it would require a million of globes as large as the earth to equal the size of the sun. The scientific knowledge which enables astro- nomers to estimate the magnitude of the heavenly bodies, measure their vast distances from each other, and discover their motions, has only been perfected after long ages of research and the mightiest efforts of giant intellects. We, however, can avail ourselves of the results of their vast toil, and, with a little at- tention, understand truths which it required the labour of ages to unfold. The old estimate of the distance of the sun from the earth was 95,298,260 miles, but recent and more correct observations give 91,678,000 miles It is impossible to form an idea of such immense distances without suggesting to the mind some standard of comparison. A man travelling at the rate of 4 3/4 miles an hour, and never resting day or night, would require 2,000 years to reach the sun. A locomotive travelling at the rate of 38 miles an hour, would occupy 300 years in reaching its goal. A cannon ball, travelling 90,000 feet per minute, would require about 10 years.