Kupu Whakataki


 

Te Kopara

The Bell Bird

Kōrero Tā    He Whakamārama    Kaupapa    Nohoanga


Kōrero Tā

Published: October, 1913 - July, 1921. Gisborne.

230 x 140mm., 8 pages until January 1915, then 12 pages, single column, all Maori, issued monthly, no illustrations, advertisements for Biblical tracts and "Wood's Great Peppermint Cure", various coloured card wrappers with the title printed on the front, and a subscription cost of 5 shillings per year. A monthly calendar and rules of the newspaper were printed on the inside front cover. The imprint on the back wrapper reads, "Printed and published by H. W. Williams at Te Rau Printing Works, Berry Street, Gisborne, New Zealand". The last issue, No. 89 was published in July 1921.

For further details see Sommerville 1119.

This paper is written in Maori.


He Whakamārama

Nama 1. Gisborne. Oketopa 1913. "Iti te Kopara, kai takirikiri ana i runga i te Kahikatea".

Number 1. Gisborne. October 1913. "Though small, the bellbird nibbles constantly on the white pine."].

Te Kopara continues Te Pipiwharauroa but is concerned mostly with Church activities. Te Kopara was superseded by Te Toa Takitini.

The opening editorial acknowledged Te Pipiwharauroa

  • He tangi atu tena, he maimai aroha ki ta koutou manu, ki te Pipiwharauroa, ka mutu nei tona hokihoki ki te toro mai i ngä wahi katoa o Aotearoa nei, o Te Waipounamu, o Rangiura, o Wharekauri. Ka maha nei ona tau i rere mai ai i tona whenua tawhiti me te puta tonu o tana karanga, 'Kui, kui, kui, whiti, whitiora' (October, 1913: 1)
  • [This is a lament, a token of affection for your bird, Te Pipiwharauroa, who no longer returns to visit the North and South Islands, Stewart Island and the Chathams. For so many years she has flown here from her distant home calling continually, 'Kui, kui, kui, whiti, whitiora'].

When Te Pipiwharauroa folded due to financial difficulties, the Waiapu Diocese of the Church of England established Te Kopara. It was edited by Wi Paraire Rangihuna of Ngati Porou.

Through two whakatauki the editor suggested that the smaller newspaper, Te Kopara would carry only the most essential items:

  • Tera pea koutou e haku ki te iti o taku rourou, me te mea ko 'te rourou iti a Haere'. Otira he hinu anake te kai o taku rourou. ....
  • Tetahi ki ano a mua, 'Ruia taitea, kia tu ko taikaka anake' (ibid. : 2).
  • [You may complain of my smallbasket - for it is like the 'small basket of the constant traveller'. Take note that my basket holds only the best food (birds preserved in their own fat)....
  • There is another saying of old, 'Strip the sapwood, so that only the heartwood standsclear'].

The intention of the newspaper was summed up in the same editorial:

  • Aku he kohi ai ki taku rourou, ko nga mea pakari, ko nga mea e tupu pai ai te tangata i runga i te whakaaro ki te Atua e whakawhiwhi nei i a tatou ki nga mea katoa e ora ai wairua me te tinana (ibid.)
  • [What I shall gather in my food basket are those things that will strengthen people in their belief of God who gives us everything for our spiritual and physical well-being].

Kaupapa

The subjects covered mostly concern Anglican Church activities and explanations of tracts of scripture. There are also:

  • reports of districts throughout New Zealand
  • obituaries of J. Thornton, Headmaster of Te Aute College, and the Reverend Mohi Turei of Ngati Porou
  • letters to the editor
  • waiata
  • overseas news particularly of the war (World War I) and the Maori soldiers fighting there
  • local news mostly of the Tai Rawhiti region
  • historical accounts such as the siege of Whetumatarau Pa in the 1820s
  • longer articles on health by Te Rangihiroa (Sir Peter Buck) and on Parliament by Apirana T. Ngata and Reweti T. Kohere.

Nohoanga

Copies of the paper are held at:

Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington:

1913Oct. - Dec.
1914Jan. - Dec.
1915Jan. - Dec.
1916Jan. - Dec.
1917Jan. - Dec.
1918Jan. - Dec.
1919Jan. - Dec.
1920Jan. - Dec.
1921Jan. - July

Auckland Institute and Museum Library:

1914Jan., March - April, July - Dec.
1916Oct./Nov.
1919Jan.
1921Feb. - July

Auckland University Library:

1913Oct. - Nov.